1. Association between food and nutrients intakes and coronary plaque vulnerability in patients with coronary heart disease: An optical coherence tomography study

    Association between food and nutrients intakes and coronary plaque vulnerability in patients with coronary heart disease: An optical coherence tomography study

    Background and aims: Dietary intakes play important roles in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD). Coronary plaque vulnerability is the key mechanism leading to CHD progression. We aimed to explore the association between dietary intakes and plaque vulnerability via optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: A total of 314 CHD patients were included in this study. Dietary intake status was assessed by semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and plaque vulnerability was measured by OCT. The results showed that vegetables were negatively associated with macrophage infiltration, thin cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and thrombus [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48, 0 ...

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