1. Manipulation of the Endocochlear Potential Reveals Two Distinct Types of Cochlear Nonlinearity

    Manipulation of the Endocochlear Potential Reveals Two Distinct Types of Cochlear Nonlinearity

    The mammalian hearing organ, the cochlea, contains an active amplifier to boost the vibrational response to low level sounds. Hallmarks of this active process are sharp location-dependent frequency tuning and compressive nonlinearity over a wide stimulus range. The amplifier relies on outer hair cell (OHC) generated forces driven in part by the endocochlear potential (EP), the ̴ +80 mV potential maintained in scala media, generated by the stria vascularis. We transiently eliminated the EP in vivo by an intravenous injection of furosemide and measured the vibrations of different layers in the cochlea’s organ of Corti using optical coherence tomography. Distortion ...

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