1. All Articles

    25-48 of 24142 « 1 2 3 4 5 ... 1004 1005 1006 »
    1. In vivo optical coherence tomography imaging and histopathology of healed coronary plaques

      In vivo optical coherence tomography imaging and histopathology of healed coronary plaques

      Background and aims The aims of this study were to assess agreement between optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histopathology for healed coronary plaques (HCPs) in human coronary arteries ex vivo , and to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of HCPs in vivo . Methods Ex vivo OCT images were co-registered with histopathology in 144 cross-sections with ≥50% stenosis. Of these, 30 randomly selected pairs were employed to define morphological features of OCT for HCPs (OCT-derived HCPs); the remaining 114 pairs were used to evaluate the accuracy of OCT in detecting histologically-defined HCPs. In a clinical study, 60 target lesions from 60 patients ...

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    2. Non-local Weighted Sparse Representation for OCT Reconstruction

      Non-local Weighted Sparse Representation for OCT Reconstruction

      his repository contains the code associated with the following paper: Ashkan Abbasi, Amirhassan Monadjemi, Leyuan Fang, Hossein Rabbani, "Optical coherence tomography retinal image reconstruction via nonlocal weighted sparse representation," J. Biomed. Opt. 23(3), 036011 (2018), doi:10.1117/1.JBO.23.3.036011. We introduce a method for OCT retinal image denoising and interpolation. If you find it useful, kindly cite the above paper. For more detail, see https://github.com/ashkan-abbasi66/NWSR

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    3. Multimodality Imaging to Detect Vulnerable Plaque in Coronary Arteries and Its Clinical Application (Book Chapter)

      Multimodality Imaging to Detect Vulnerable Plaque in Coronary Arteries and Its Clinical Application (Book Chapter)

      Postmortem studies have described the association between the thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Both noninvasive and invasive techniques have been refined and used as a research tool to visualize the plaque at a high risk of disruption. There has been a considerable effort to develop the imaging modalities that offer detailed visualization of coronary pathology and accurately predict the adverse cardiac outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of the current and experimental coronary imaging methods to detect vulnerable plaque and discuss the potential implication of multimodality imaging in clinical practice.

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    4. Characterization of Soft Contact Lens Edge Fitting during Daily Wear Using Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography

      Characterization of Soft Contact Lens Edge Fitting during Daily Wear Using Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose . To determine conjunctival overlap over the edge of soft contact lens and to visualize the peripheral postlens tear film (PoLTF) underneath soft contact lenses using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT). Methods . Twenty participants (4 males and 16 females, 23.0 ± 3.7 years) were fitted with two different types of soft contact lenses randomly. The limbus with lens was imaged with the UHR-OCT at the horizontal meridian every two hours up to 6 hours during lens wear. The conjunctival overlap was ranked as the percentage of the edge covered by the conjunctiva. The frequency of occurrence for visualized peripheral ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma care

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma care

      Rapid improvements in optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology have allowed for enhancement of both image resolution and scanning speed, and the development of vascular assessment modality. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is the non-invasive in vivo imaging of the vasculature located within the retina and optic nerve head area. The principle of OCTA is to use the variations in OCT signals caused by moving particles as the contrast mechanism for imaging of flow. Several algorithms which aim to maximize the contrast signal and minimize the noise have been developed including the phase-based techniques, intensity-based techniques (e.g., split-spectrum amplitude decorrelation ...

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      Mentions: Shan C. Lin
    6. Optical Coherence Tomography for Brain Imaging (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Brain Imaging (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique based on the detection of light back-reflected or backscattered by tissue. Based on the principles of low-coherence interferometry, OCT provides rapid volumetric imaging with micrometer-scale resolution. OCT has been massively successful in ophthalmology where it became a routine tool for retinal diagnostics. In recent years, however, OCT has also been applied to other fields including—amongst others—cardiovascular imaging, endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract, and neuroimaging. In the brain and other neural tissues, OCT provides contrast for tissue microstructures and enables noninvasive in vivo and in vitro imaging with high resolution. Novel ...

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      Mentions: Bernhard Baumann
    7. High Resolution Wide Field-of-View Optical Coherence Tomography For 3D Imaging (Thesis)

      High Resolution Wide Field-of-View Optical Coherence Tomography For 3D Imaging (Thesis)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive, cross-sectional, and three-dimensional (3D) tomographic imaging modality. It offers subsurface deeper penetration depth and larger scan area than confocal microscopy as well as higher resolution than ultrasound imaging, very suitable for 3D in vivo imaging of eyes, skins, blood vessels, and other non-biomedical samples. However, there is a trade-off problem among lateral resolution, lateral field of view (FOV), and axial imaging depth, limiting the performance of OCT systems. In this dissertation, we report our studies to solve these problems and to make the OCT a competitive tool for a variety of 3D imaging ...

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    8. The CLASS Surgical Site Characteristics in a Clinical Grading Scale and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A One-Year Follow-Up

      The CLASS Surgical Site Characteristics in a Clinical Grading Scale and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: A One-Year Follow-Up

      Purpose . We combined a clinical grading scale and swept source anterior segment OCT to describe the successful and failed CLASS. Material and Methods . 23 patients in the successful group and 17 patients in the failed group were compared in terms of the IBAGS grades and AS-OCT findings at one, three, and twelve months postoperatively. Results . The majority in the successful group presented shallow blebs (91%, 57%, and 52% at 1M, 3M, and 12M, resp.). 59% of the failed group presented no bleb (H0 E0) from the early postoperative period with the rate increasing to 88% at 3M and 100% at ...

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    9. Photothermal optical coherence tomography of indocyanine green in ex vivo eyes

      Photothermal optical coherence tomography of indocyanine green in ex vivo eyes

      Indocyanine green (ICG) is routinely used during surgery to stain the inner limiting membrane (ILM) and provide contrast on white light surgical microscopy. While translation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for intraoperative imaging during ophthalmic surgery has enhanced visualization, the ILM remains difficult to distinguish from underlying retinal structures and ICG does not provide additional OCT contrast. We present photothermal OCT (PT-OCT) for high-specificity detection of ICG on retinal OCT images. We demonstrate our technique by performing an ILM peel in ex vivo eyes using low ICG concentrations and laser powers. These results establish the feasibility of PT-OCT for intraoperative ...

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    10. Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) allows the recording of depth-resolved polarimetric measurements. It has been reported that phase retardation and local birefringence images can noninvasively detect fibrotic area in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Evaluation of scar fibrosis in blebs is important not only for predicting bleb function, but also for planning revision trabeculectomy. Herein, we characterize the intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images of blebs using PS-OCT. A total of 85 blebs from 85 patients who had undergone trabeculectomy were examined. Both phase retardation and local birefringence images detected fibrotic changes in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Phase retardation images ...

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    11. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography reveals gray matter and white matter atrophy in SCA1 mouse models

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography reveals gray matter and white matter atrophy in SCA1 mouse models

      Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is a fatal inherited neurodegenerative disease. In this study, we demonstrate the label-free optical imaging methodology that can detect, with a high degree of sensitivity, discrete areas of degeneration in the cerebellum of the SCA1 mouse models. We used ATXN1[82Q] and ATXN1[30Q]-D776 mice in which the transgene is directed only to Purkinje cells. Molecular layer, granular layer, and white matter regions are analyzed using the intrinsic contrasts provided by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography. Cerebellar atrophy in SCA1 mice occurred both in gray matter and white matter. While gray matter atrophy is obvious ...

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    12. Postdoctoral positions open at Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center

      Postdoctoral positions open at Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center

      Postdoctoral positions open at Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center. Our lab develops and implements optical imaging method in biomedical applications. We work closely with clinicians to translate the latest imaging technologies into clinical settings. The current focus of the lab is ophthalmic imaging for retinal diseases, and endoscopic imaging for GI and intravascular diseases. We are collaborative, interdisciplinary and also highly productive with several new imaging methods developed in recent two years. The lab is located in the vibrant Boston area, providing an excellent living environment out of work. We are looking for strong postdoc candidates with ...

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    13. Evaluation of vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

      Evaluation of vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

      Purpose To describe the vascular changes of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma (CCH) after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy using optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT). Methods Seven eyes of 7 patients diagnosed with symptomatic CCH who underwent ruthenium-106 plaque radiotherapy were included in the study. Patients underwent complete ophthalmic examination, bulbar echography and angio-OCT. The same protocol was applied 1 year after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy. Results At baseline, the mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in affected eyes was 0.67 ± 0.14 logMAR, and the mean tumor thickness was 4.46 ± 0.91 mm measured by standardized A-scan echography. After ruthenium-106 plaque treatment, the mean BCVA ...

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    14. Optic Disc Drusen in Children: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study

      Optic Disc Drusen in Children: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study

      Background: Optic disc drusen (ODD) are seen in up to 2.4% of the general population, but the etiology and pathophysiology of the condition is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of ODD in a population-based child cohort and to determine if scleral canal diameter and fetal birth and pubertal parameters are associated with the presence of ODD. Methods: This observational, longitudinal population-based birth cohort study, with a nested case–control, included 1,406 children. Eye examinations were performed when the children were between 11 and 12 years of age. Assessment was performed of ...

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    15. Investigation of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and ganglion cell layer-inner plexiform layer thickness in patients with optic pathway gliomas

      Investigation of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and ganglion cell layer-inner plexiform layer thickness in patients with optic pathway gliomas

      Purpose This study aimed to compare the optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of optic pathway glioma (OPG) patients (sporadic or secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1, NF1) with NF1 without OPG patients and healthy controls. Methods This was a prospective, case-control study in which 27 patients (13 with OPGs and 14 with NF1 without OPGs) and 13 control subjects were included. The retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, macular thickness, and ganglion cell layer-inner plexiform layer (GCL-IPL) thickness findings measured using OCT and the results were compared between the groups. Results The macular thickness was significantly lower in the OPG group ...

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    16. Multimodal Imaging and Spatial Analysis of Ebola Retinal Lesions in 14 Survivors of Ebola Virus Disease

      Multimodal Imaging and Spatial Analysis of Ebola Retinal Lesions in 14 Survivors of Ebola Virus Disease

      Abstract Importance Differentiation between Ebola retinal lesions and other retinal pathologies in West Africa is important, and the pathogenesis of Ebola retinal disease remains poorly understood. Objective To describe the appearance of Ebola virus disease (EVD) retinal lesions using multimodal imaging to enable inferences on potential pathogenesis. Design, Setting, and Participants This prospective case series study was carried out at 34 Military Hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Ophthalmological images were analyzed from 14 consecutively identified survivors of EVD of Sierra Leonean origin who had identified Ebola retinal lesions. Main Outcomes and Measures Multimodal imaging findings including ultra-widefield scanning laser ophthalmoscopy ...

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    17. PhD Studentship in Ocular Imaging (temporary for 2 years)

      PhD Studentship in Ocular Imaging (temporary for 2 years)

      PhD Studentship in Ocular Imaging (temporary for 2 years) We are seeking an exceptional, highly motivated, and talented PhD student (DVM or MD) to perform in vivo experiments to explore safety and efficacy of novel therapeutic approaches for ocular diseases. In this position you will interact closely with other scientists and technicians in a laboratory. Specifically, you will: Perform ocular examinations of animal models in drug safety studies Apply in vivo imaging modalities with a focus on optical coherence tomography (OCT) Participate in ongoing research projects Train and supervise laboratory technicians and fellow researchers to expand skills and knowledge within ...

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    18. Why Do We Still Rely on Ophthalmoscopy to Diagnose Retinopathy of Prematurity?

      Why Do We Still Rely on Ophthalmoscopy to Diagnose Retinopathy of Prematurity?

      There was a time not that long ago when there was equipoise as to whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) could complement the clinical examination in a meaningful way and whether it justified the time and expense for practices focused on adult patients with retinal conditions. In 2018, OCT has become standard equipment and has a critical role in the diagnosis and monitoring of many vitreoretinal diseases. The recent development of OCT angiography (OCTA) may further enhance clinical care. Management paradigms based on OCT have become standard of care for neovascular age-related macular degeneration and diabetic macular edema, 2 of the ...

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    19. Choroidal thickness in normal Indian subjects using Swept source optical coherence tomography

      Choroidal thickness in normal Indian subjects using Swept source optical coherence tomography

      Aim To determine choroidal thickness in healthy Indian subjects using Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional study; healthy Indian subjects (n = 230) with no history of ocular and/or systemic disorders were enrolled in the study. Choroidal thickness was measured for 230 eyes using SS-OCT. Subjects were divided into six age groups. Main outcome measures were subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and macular choroidal thickness (MCT) up to 3 mm at 500-micron interval from the fovea was measured in eight different quadrants. Results The mean SFCT was 307±79 μm and mean MCT was 285 ...

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    20. The Effectiveness of Excimer Laser Angioplasty to Treat Coronary In-Stent Restenosis With Peri-stent Calcium as Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The Effectiveness of Excimer Laser Angioplasty to Treat Coronary In-Stent Restenosis With Peri-stent Calcium as Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Aims: We evaluated the effectiveness of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) to treat in-stent restenosis (ISR) due to peri-stent calcium-related stent under-expansion as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: We studied 81 patients (81 lesions with ISR, stent under-expansion, and peri-stent calcium >90°) who underwent OCT imaging both pre- and post-percutaneous coronary intervention and compared lesions treated with ELCA (n=23) vs without ELCA (n=58). ELCA use was associated with more calcium fracture (ELCA: 61%, non-ELCA: 12%, p<0.01), . larger final minimum lumen area (ELCA: 4.76 mm2 [3.25, 5.57], non-ELCA: 3.46 ...

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    21. Postdoctoral Research Position at The University of Liverpool

      Postdoctoral Research Position at The University of Liverpool

      This is an exciting opportunity to join a cross-disciplinary team at The University of Liverpool working on the development of new low cost point of care diagnostic technologies for diabetic retinopathy in China. You will be based in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, and work closely with colleagues in the Department of Eye and Vision Science in the Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease in the University, clinicians at St. Paul's Eye Unit in The Royal Liverpool University Hospital, industry partner, public and patient support groups, and also project partners in China. You will be required to ...

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    22. Job Opening for Manager of Advanced Product Development at MST

      Job Opening for Manager of Advanced Product Development at MST

      MST builds surgical devices and instruments for ophthalmic applications ( https://microsurgical.com/ ) and has a job opening for Manager of Advanced Product Development. For more information click this LINK . About MST The Company We make great products that people love. At MST we believe in this philosophy. MST's passion is creating exceptional surgical devices and instruments used to restore or improve sight for patients all over the world. And it is our relentless pursuit of addressing our customers’ needs that creates a profound customer preference. We strive to equip surgeons with the most innovative tools, enabling them to achieve ...

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    23. Wide dynamic range high-speed three-dimensional quantitative OCT angiography with a hybrid-beam scan

      Wide dynamic range high-speed three-dimensional quantitative OCT angiography with a hybrid-beam scan

      We demonstrate a novel hybrid-beam scanning-based quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) that provides high-speed wide dynamic range blood flow speed imaging. The hybrid-beam scanning scheme enables multiple OCTA image acquisitions with a wide range of multiple time intervals simultaneously providing wide dynamic range blood flow speed imaging independent of the blood vessel orientation, which was quantified over a speed range of 0.6 ∼ 104    mm / s 0.6∼104  mm/s through the blood flow phantom experiments. A fully automated high-speed hybrid-beam scanning-based quantitative OCTA system demonstrates visualization of blood flow speeds in various vessels from the main arteries ...

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