1. All Articles

    1-24 of 20205 1 2 3 4 ... 840 841 842 »
    1. Optical coherence tomography angiography in age-related macular degeneration: persistence of vascular network in quiescent choroidal neovascularization

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in age-related macular degeneration: persistence of vascular network in quiescent choroidal neovascularization

      This study was supported by the Werner H. Spross Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). The ‘Stiftung wissenschaftliche Forschung, Fonds Ophthalmologie, City Hospital Triemli’ received research grants from Novartis Schweiz AG and Bayer Schweiz AG and payments for invited talks or advisory board participations for M.B and S.M. from Allergan, Novartis, Alimera, Bayer, Roche and Clanotech. None of the authors above has any conflict of interest related to this research. This study was presented as an e-poster (POS- 6771) at the 15th EURETINA Congress in Nice, France (17. – 20.09.2015).

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      Mentions: Stephan Michels
    2. An Evaluation of Computational Imaging Techniques for Heterogeneous Inverse Scattering

      An Evaluation of Computational Imaging Techniques for Heterogeneous Inverse Scattering

      Inferring internal scattering parameters for general, heterogeneous materials, remains a challenging inverse problem. Its difficulty arises from the complex way in which scattering materials interact with light, as well as the very high dimensionality of the material space implied by heterogeneity. The recent emergence of diverse computational imaging techniques, together with the widespread availability of computing power, present a renewed opportunity for tackling this problem. We take first steps in this direction, by deriving theoretical results, developing an algorithmic framework, and performing quantitative evaluations for the problem of heterogeneous inverse scattering from simulated measurements of different computational imaging configurations.

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    3. The Use of Noninvasive Optical Coherence Tomography to Monitor the Treatment Progress of Vismodegib and Imiquimod 5% Cream in a Transplant Patient with Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Nose

      The Use of Noninvasive Optical Coherence Tomography to Monitor the Treatment Progress of Vismodegib and Imiquimod 5% Cream in a Transplant Patient with Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Nose

      Immunosuppressed transplant recipients have increased risk for the development of basal cell carcinoma skin cancers. While oral vismodegib therapy has been successful in treating locally advanced basal cell tumors, few studies document its use and efficacy in organ transplant patients. In this immunocompromised population, topical imiquimod 5% cream has been shown to be an effective and well-tolerated option for superficial and nodular basal cell carcinomas. To the authors' knowledge, no data documents the use of optical coherence tomography, a noninvasive imaging technique, to monitor progress of such combined therapies on in vivo skin. The authors report the successful treatment of ...

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    4. Adaptive optics full-field optical coherence tomography

      Adaptive optics full-field optical coherence tomography

      We describe a simple and compact full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) setup coupled to a transmissive liquid crystal spatial light modulator (LCSLM) to induce or correct aberrations. To reduce the system complexity, strict pupil conjugation was abandoned because low-order aberrations are often dominant. We experimentally confirmed a recent theoretical and experimental demonstration that the image resolution was almost insensitive to aberrations that mostly induce a reduction of the signal level. As a consequence, an image-based algorithm was applied for the optimization process by using the FFOCT image intensity as the metric. Aberration corrections were demonstrated with both an USAF resolution ...

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    5. In vivo optical coherence tomography of stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signals in mouse retinas

      In vivo optical coherence tomography of stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signals in mouse retinas

      Intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging promises a noninvasive method for advanced study and diagnosis of eye diseases. Before pursuing clinical applications, it is essential to understand anatomic and physiological sources of retinal IOSs and to establish the relationship between IOS distortions and eye diseases. The purpose of this study was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo IOS imaging of mouse models. A high spatiotemporal resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was employed for depth-resolved retinal imaging. A custom-designed animal holder equipped with ear bar and bite bar was used to minimize eye movements. Dynamic OCT imaging revealed ...

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      Mentions: Xincheng Yao
    6. Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Studies have proven the relationship between cutaneous vasculature abnormalities and dermatological disorders, but to image vasculature noninvasively in vivo , advanced optical imaging techniques are required. In this study, we imaged a palm of a healthy volunteer and three subjects with cutaneous abnormalities with photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and optical coherence tomography with angiography extension (OCTA). Capillaries in the papillary dermis that are too small to be discerned with PAT are visualized with OCTA. From our results, we speculate that the PA signal from the palm is mostly from hemoglobin in capillaries rather than melanin, knowing that melanin concentration in volar skin ...

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    7. Granular Hyperreflective Specks By Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography As Signs Of West Nile Virus Infection: The Stardust Sign

      Granular Hyperreflective Specks By Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography As Signs Of West Nile Virus Infection:  The Stardust Sign

      Purpose: To report the retinal findings and evolution of a visually symptomatic case of West Nile virus meningoencephalitis. Methods: Case report. Main outcome measures include serologic testing for West Nile virus as well as longitudinal funduscopic examination, fluorescein angiography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Results: A 47-year-old diabetic man was referred for ophthalmic evaluation after hospitalization and treatment for West Nile meningoencephalitis. The patient presented with decreased vision and black spots in the right eye. Baseline visual acuity was 20/100 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left. Funduscopic examination and fluorescein angiography revealed multiple outer-retinal ...

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      Mentions: Rui Wang
    8. Optimising keratoplasty for Peters' anomaly in infants using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Optimising keratoplasty for Peters' anomaly in infants using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To present in vivo anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) features of infants with Peters' anomaly obtained during presurgical examination under general anaesthesia, and to evaluate the impact of OCT features on surgical decision making. Methods This is a single-centre, consecutive, observational case series including 44 eyes of 27 infants with Peters' anomaly (5–18 months) undergoing keratoplasty. Medical records of patients were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical features and OCT findings, along with their impact on surgical decision-making were analysed. Results Of 27 patients, 10 had unilateral and 17 had bilateral disease. Two patients with mild disease (three eyes) had ...

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    9. Heidelberg Engineering Receives FDA Clearance to Market SPECTRALIS® OCT Glaucoma Module Premium Edition

      Heidelberg Engineering Receives FDA Clearance to Market SPECTRALIS® OCT Glaucoma Module Premium Edition

      The Glaucoma Module Premium Edition for SPECTRALIS provides a comprehensive analysis of the optic nerve head, retinal nerve fiber layer, and ganglion cell layer by precisely matching unique scan patterns to the fine anatomic structures relevant in glaucoma diagnostics. By means of a new proprietary technology called the Anatomic Positioning System, the module creates an anatomic map unique to each patient’s eye using two fixed, structural landmarks: the center of the fovea and the center of Bruch’s membrane opening. All subsequent scan protocols are automatically oriented according to each eye’s unique anatomic map, enabling a precise examination ...

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    10. Postdoctoral Associate: Biophotonics and Computer Vision Stanford University, Stanford, CA

      Postdoctoral Associate: Biophotonics and Computer Vision Stanford University, Stanford, CA

      The Stanford Biomedical Optics Group (http://sbo.stanford.edu), in close collaboration with clinical researchers in the School of Medicine (urology), seeks highly motivated postdoctoral candidates with excellent computer programming and image processing skills along with a good background in optics, microscopy or medical imaging and interest or experience in computer vision. Stanford University provides an outstanding environment for solid technical research with clinical impact. Applicants will work closely with clinical collaborators and will spend a significant amount of time observing and guiding clinical research activities while working on a heavily computer vision programming-oriented research project. Time permitting, candidate may ...

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    11. New fingerprinting technology will aid law enforcement

      New fingerprinting technology will aid law enforcement

      The CSIR has unveiled a new-generation fingerprint sensing technology to aid in law enforcement and forensic areas. The device, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, is the first prototype, and the next step will be to reduce its size to a hand-held gadget and prepare it for commercialisation. The system is capable of exploring the internal features of an object. Laser scientist Ann Sigh said optical coherence tomography used light to capture in 3D the finest of details from biological tissue and could be likened to ultrasound but using light. She said it was important to note that ...

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    12. Identification of Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy features predictive for early neoplasia in Barrett’s esophagus using high-quality histological correlation

      Identification of Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy features predictive for early neoplasia in Barrett’s esophagus using high-quality histological correlation

      Background and aims volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) provides a circumferential scan that enables the visualization of subsurface layers of the esophageal wall at 7 μm resolution. The aims of this study were to identify VLE features ofBarrett’s esophagus (BE) neoplasia and to develop a VLE prediction score. Methods A database of VLE images from endoscopic resection specimens, precisely correlated with histology, from BE patients +/- neoplasia was used. Features potentially predictive for early BE neoplasia were identified by unblinded evaluation of 25 VLE-histology images. In a learning phase, 20 VLE images with or without BE neoplasia were scored by 2 ...

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    13. Measurement of Anterior Chamber Cell Grading Using Ocular Coherence Tomography

      Measurement of Anterior Chamber Cell Grading Using Ocular Coherence Tomography

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is routinely used in ophthalmic clinical practice. It uses infrared light to image patient's eyes. Some patients, such as those with an inflammatory disease called uveitis or those who have just undergone cataract surgery, have intraocular inflammation. This intraocular inflammation commonly manifests as cells that can be seen on routine microscopic clinical examination. However, the only currently available method to quantify this intraocular inflammation is by manually counting on the microscopic clinical examination. The investigators plan to use the OCT machine to image patient's eyes. The investigators will then use the images obtained from ...

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    14. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Trial in Multiple Sclerosis (OCTIMS)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Trial in Multiple Sclerosis (OCTIMS)

      This is a 3-year, pharmacologically non-interventional study to evaluate OCT as an outcome measure in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Approximately 350 RRMS patients, either untreated or treated with an approved MS disease-modifying therapy and approximately 70 reference subjects without ophthalmologic or neurologic disease are enrolled. No study medications are provided. Patients on disease-modifying therapy are treated according to the local prescribing information. For each MS patient and each reference subject, the study consists of Screening (up to 1 month), Baseline, and a 36-month longitudinal data collection phase. Eligibility will be confirmed during Screening.

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    15. Reproducibility and repeatability of foveal avascular zone area measurements using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in healthy subjects

      Reproducibility and repeatability of foveal avascular zone area measurements using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in healthy subjects

      To assess the reproducibility and repeatability of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area measurements using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in healthy subjects. Sixty-four eyes of 64 healthy volunteers were randomly subjected to FAZ area measurements using SS-OCTA by 2 examiners in 2 different sessions. The FAZ areas measured by the first and second observer were 0.269 ± 0.092 mm 2 and 0.270 ± 0.090 mm 2 , respectively. Within subjects, the coefficients of variations were 2.44% (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.95% to 2.93%) and 2.66% (95% CI 2.00% to 3.31%) for the ...

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    16. Paws, print, detect, arrest

      Paws, print, detect, arrest

      South African researchers revealed a prototype fingerprint-sensing device at the CSIR in Pretoria yesterday.  The new technology, the first of its kind in Africa, will be linked to police and Home Affairs fingerprint databases. Through the use of lasers it processes fingerprints taken from crime scenes and from people in under three seconds. Researchers are now hard at work to make the device portable. It is currently the size of a big shoebox and can be fitted to a police vehicle. Co-designer Ameeth Sharman said that in the initial design the technology had been geared towards the collection of "live ...

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    17. Axial length measurement failure rates with biometers using swept source optical coherence tomography compared to partial coherence interferometry and optical low-coherence interferometry

      Axial length measurement failure rates with biometers using swept source optical coherence tomography compared to partial coherence interferometry and optical low-coherence interferometry

      Purpose To compare a new swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) based biometer (OA-2000) with the IOLMaster v5.4 (partial coherence interferometry) and Aladdin (optical low-coherence interferometry) biometers in terms of axial length measurement and failure rate in eyes with cataract. Design Reliability study Methods A total of 377 eyes of 210 patients were scanned with the three biometers in a random order. For each biometer, the number of unobtainable axial length measurements was recorded and grouped as per the type and severity of cataract based on the Lens Opacities Classification System III by the same experienced ophthalmologist. The Bland-Altman ...

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    18. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Predicting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Progression (Video)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Predicting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Progression (Video)

      Retinal thickness is a significant independent predictor of worsening disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) and should be incorporated into clinical trials and treatment decisions, according to a large longitudinal cohort study presented at the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) Annual Meeting Optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is used to measure retinal thickness, can help clinicians predict multiple sclerosis (MS) progression two to five years later, according to an international longitudinal cohort study presented at the 2016 AAN Annual Meeting and published in Lancet Neurology. Overall, the researchers found that thinning in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber of patients with either ...

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    19. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Chorioretinal Diseases

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Chorioretinal Diseases

      Fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) have been the gold standard for the evaluation of retinal and choroidal vasculature in the last three decades and have revolutionized the diagnosis of retinal and choroidal vascular diseases. The advantage of these imaging modalities lies in their ability to document retinal and choroidal vasculature through the dynamic assessment of contrast transit over time in the intravascular and extravascular spaces. However, disadvantages include the absence of depth resolution, blurring of details by contrast leakage, and the inability to selectively evaluate different levels of the retinal and choroidal microvasculature. In addition, these angiographic ...

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    20. Evaluation of the Narrow Anterior Chamber Angle by Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of the Narrow Anterior Chamber Angle by Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Background: The aim of this work was to evaluate the narrow anterior chamber angle (ACA) in Chinese patients by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (As-OCT). Methods: Eighty right eyes of 80 consecutive patients with a shallow peripheral anterior chamber but no peripheral anterior synechia were enrolled in this study. The ACA was observed by noncompression gonioscopy and classified according to the Shaffer grading system. The iridotrabecular contact (ITC) and trabecular-iris angle (T-I angle) were assessed by As-OCT examination. Results: Gonioscopic grade 0 and ITC were observed more frequently in the superior quadrant than the other quadrants (p < 0.02). The ...

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    21. Clinical Manifestations, Complications and Treatment of Ocular Sarcoidosis: Correlation between Visual Efficiency and Macular Edema as Seen on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Clinical Manifestations, Complications and Treatment of Ocular Sarcoidosis: Correlation between Visual Efficiency and Macular Edema as Seen on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Sarcoidosis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease which belongs to a group of systemic granulomatous diseases. It can be confirmed through characteristic systemic and ocular manifestations and histological findings. Biopsy is the golden standard for diagnosing sarcoidosis. Ocular sarcoidosis can be confirmed, probable, or possible. Over a two-year period, ocular manifestations were studied on a sample of 52 patients, each followed for four months and diagnosed with some form of systemic sarcoidosis. Most frequent systemic manifestations in patients with ocular sarcoidosis were pulmonary, skin, glandular, and systemic generalized sarcoidosis. The disease was diagnosed four times more frequently in females than ...

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    22. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF A29 BIRDSHOT CHORIORETINOPATHY COMPLICATED BY RETINAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF A29 BIRDSHOT CHORIORETINOPATHY COMPLICATED BY RETINAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      Purpose: To describe the quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography analysis of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus in a case of A29 birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR) complicated by retinal neovascularization. Methods: Multimodal retinal imaging, including optical coherence tomography angiography with quantitated vessel density analysis of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus, was performed in a case of A29 BCR. Capillary density (mm-1) was defined as the total vessel length (mm) per area (mm2). Results: A 39-year-old healthy white man presented with vitreous hemorrhage and retinal neovascularization at baseline. Clinical presentation was consistent with BCR and human leukocyte antigen testing ...

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    23. Avoiding Clinical Misinterpretation and Artifacts of Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis of the Optic Nerve, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, and Ganglion Cell Layer

      Avoiding Clinical Misinterpretation and Artifacts of Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis of the Optic Nerve, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, and Ganglion Cell Layer

      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an important tool for diagnosing optic nerve disease. The structural details and reproducibility of OCT continues to improve with further advances in technology. However, artifacts and misinterpretation of OCT can lead to clinical misdiagnosis of diseases if they go unrecognized. Evidence Acquisition: A literature review using PubMed combined with clinical and research experience. Results: We describe the most common artifacts and errors in interpretation seen on OCT in both optic nerve and ganglion cell analyses. We provide examples of the artifacts, discuss the causes, and provide methods of detecting them. In addition, we ...

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    1-24 of 20205 1 2 3 4 ... 840 841 842 »
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