1. All Articles

    1-24 of 14134 1 2 3 4 ... 587 588 589 »
    1. Advancing OCT Algorithmic Standardization

      Advancing OCT Algorithmic Standardization

      Neovascular exudative AMD (wet AMD) continues to rank as a top reason to visit eye care specialists, and the early identification of this disease has important prognostic implications for patients. 1 Advancements in optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging have surpassed other modalities in the ability to detect the earliest development of wet AMD and prompt treatment initiation, in spite of lack of inter- and intradevice standardization. 2 , 3 Zhang et al. 4 present a novel, automated way to detect changes at the border where choroidal neovascularization (CNV) first affects the retina. They use a technique that presents an automated method ...

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    2. Phase correction using programmable phase modulator (PPM) in optical coherence tomography

      Phase correction using programmable phase modulator (PPM) in optical coherence tomography

      Purpose Adaptive optics is used in optical coherence tomography (OCT) in order to improve lateral resolution based on aberration correction. Methods Experiments were performed to compensate higher order aberrations based on wavefront sensing and correction scheme using adaptive optics. The device utilized for compensation is parallel-aligned nematic liquid crystal spatial light modulator (PAL-SLM), PPM X7550 series. Wavefront of light at the sample path was measured by using OCT for aberration correction. Since the phase information can be obtained from interferogram therefore no additional optics is used. The performance of this device is evaluated for the correction of linear tilt aberration ...

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    3. Virtual reality simulator for vitreoretinal surgery using integrated OCT data

      Virtual reality simulator for vitreoretinal surgery using integrated OCT data

      Operative practice using surgical simulators has become a part of training in many surgical specialties, including ophthalmology. We introduce a virtual reality retina surgery simulator capable of integrating optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans from real patients for practicing vitreoretinal surgery using different pathologic scenarios.

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      Mentions: Igor Kozak
    4. Optical coherence tomography characteristics of the iris in Cogan-Reese syndrome

      Optical coherence tomography characteristics of the iris in Cogan-Reese syndrome

      PurposeTo describe the characteristic optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings of the iris in Cogan-Reese syndrome.MethodsA 63-year-old woman was referred for consultation due to diffuse pigmentation of the iris and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in the left eye. The clinical examination revealed Cogan-Reese syndrome with pedunculated iris outcroppings on the entire iris surface, and no peripheral anterior synechia. The right eye was normal with normal IOP.ResultsImaging the left iris with the CAM-L cornea lens adapter of the Optovue Fourier-domain OCT (RTVue-OCT) showed a folded iris surface, an increased total iris thickness, and an increased distance between the anterior and ...

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    5. Choroidal thinning in pseudoexfoliation syndrome detected by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography

      Choroidal thinning in pseudoexfoliation syndrome detected by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography

      PurposeTo measure choroidal thickness in patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome and to compare the values with control eyes using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT).MethodsThirty-four patients with PEX syndrome and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included in this study. Only one eye of each of the patients was included. Choroidal thickness was measured manually from the outer border of the retinal pigment epithelium to the inner scleral border at the subfovea, 3 mm temporal to the fovea, and 3 mm nasal to the fovea using EDI-OCT.ResultsA total of 34 eyes from 34 consecutive patients with ...

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    6. Assessment of early occlusal caries pre- and post- sealant application—An imaging approach

      Assessment of early occlusal caries pre- and post- sealant application—An imaging approach

      Background and Objective Clinicians have difficulty assessing and monitoring early occlusal caries. Traditional clinical exam and radiographs are unable to detect the subtle alterations in enamel indicative of de- or re-mineralization, particularly under dental sealants. Although clinicians have used laser fluorescence (LF) to address this gap, this modality has demonstrated weak correlation with histology. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) has demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for caries detection, but since it is based on visual assessment, it is of no use in areas beneath the most commonly used dental sealants which are opaque. Optical coherence tomography (OCT ...

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    7. Quantification of peripapillary total retinal volume in pseudopapilledema and mild papilledema using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Quantification of peripapillary total retinal volume in pseudopapilledema and mild papilledema using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Purpose to distinguish differences in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and peripapillary total retinal volume between eyes with papilledema, pseudopapilledema, and normal findings. Design Cohort study Methods Forty-two eyes with mild papilledema, 37 eyes with congenitally elevated optic disc (pseudopapilledema), and 34 normal eyes met the inclusion criteria at 1 academic institution (in Iran) and underwent neuro-ophthalmic examination. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography scans surrounding the optic disc were performed in each eye of patients and subjects. Main outcome measures were mean RNFL thickness and peripapillary total retinal volume measurements (inner and outer rings volumes) that were compared between groups ...

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    8. In vivo analysis of the iris thickness by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      In vivo analysis of the iris thickness by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To assess the effectiveness of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in providing in vivo measurements of iris thickness in healthy and pathological subjects. Methods 14 healthy volunteers and 14 patients with unilateral Fuchs’ uveitis were enrolled in the study. The two groups were comparable for age, gender and race. Each subject underwent complete clinical examination and anterior segment SD-OCT imaging in both eyes. SD-OCT scans of the iris were performed following a cross-sectional pattern. Iris thickness values were obtained using a purposely developed software-based analysis of OCT images. Measurements were carried out twice by two trained independent operators ...

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    9. Cornea characterization using a combined multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography system

      Cornea characterization using a combined multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography system

      We present a multimodal imaging system which combines multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography to visualize the morphological structures, and to quantify the refractive index (RI) and thickness of cornea. The morphological similarities and differences at different corneal layers across various species are identified. In the piscine and human corneas, the stromata exhibit thin fibers that indicate an overall collagen direction. Human corneas display collagen micro-folds which cause increased light attenuation. In the murine, porcine and bovine corneas, the stromata show interwoven collagen patterns. The Bowman’s layer and the Descemet’s membrane are also distinguished in some species. The ...

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    10. Optical frequency domain imaging in patients with Barrett's neoplasia: an ex vivo case study with correlated endoscopic and histology views

      Optical frequency domain imaging in patients with Barrett's neoplasia: an ex vivo case study with correlated endoscopic and histology views

      This video (, available online at www.giejournal.org) describes the optical frequency domain interferometry (OFDI) imaging technique, which is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved and commercially available second-generation of optical coherence tomography, and its close correlation with endoscopic views and histopathology results in patients with Barrett's esophagus.

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      Mentions: FDA
    11. Paracentral acute middle maculopathy spectral-domain optical coherence tomography feature of deep capillary ischemia

      Paracentral acute middle maculopathy spectral-domain optical coherence tomography feature of deep capillary ischemia

      Purpose of Review To describe the novel spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) finding of paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) that can be associated with acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) or retinal vasculopathy, and that may indicate an underlying pathogenesis related to ischemia of the retinal deep capillary plexus (DCP). Recent Findings With the advent of high-definition SD-OCT imaging, we are now able to detect deep capillary ischemia. Although cotton wool spots are caused by ischemia of the superficial capillary plexus, PAMM is caused by ischemia of the DCP, and appears as hyper-reflective, band-like lesions in the middle retina, extending from the ...

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    12. Feature Of The Week 4/13/14: Growth Kinetics of Concave Nanocubes Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feature Of The Week 4/13/14: Growth Kinetics of Concave Nanocubes Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography

      This work presents the analysis of the growth kinetics of two syntheses of concave gold nanocubes with a mean size of 72 and 108 nm followed by the optical coherence tomography (OCT) technique by acquiring B-scan images each 5 s. In addition, ultra violet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra and mean size from dynamic light scattering (DLS) were acquired during nanoparticle growth to generate kinetic plots in order to corroborate the OCT results. Kinetic plots from OCT images were obtained by plotting contrast enhancement of B-scan images as function of time. Fitting parameters values given by using the classical Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (KJMA) equation show ...

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    13. Label-free cell-based assay with spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy

      Label-free cell-based assay with spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy

      Quantitative measurement of dynamic responses of unstained living cells is of great importance in many applications ranging from investigation of fundamental cellular functions to drug discoveries. Conventional optical methods for label-free cell-based assay examine cellular structural changes proximal to sensor surfaces under external stimuli, but require dedicated nanostructure-patterned substrates for operation. Here, we present a quantitative imaging method, spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy (SD-OCPM), as a viable optical platform for label-free cell-based assay. The instrument is based on a low-coherence interferometric microscope that enables quantitative depth-resolved phase measurement of a transparent specimen with high phase stability. We demonstrate SD-OCPM measurement ...

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    14. Optical coherence tomography and visual evoked potentials in healthy persons

      Optical coherence tomography and visual evoked potentials in healthy persons

      Purpose Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) represent non-invasive objective examination of the visual system. While the OCT measures a morphological property of the retina (thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer – RNFL), the VEP allows assessment a function of the visual system. There are numerous studies describing a mutual involvement of both mentioned aspects in diseases like multiple sclerosis, optic neuritis or glaucoma, however, normative studies of these relationship are missing. In our study we address this issue with an expectation to translate the findings into interpretation of pathological findings. Methods We examined a group of ...

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    15. Structure-Function Correlations in Glaucoma Using Matrix and Standard Automated Perimetry Versus Time Domain and Spectral Domain OCT devices

      Structure-Function Correlations in Glaucoma Using Matrix and Standard Automated Perimetry Versus Time Domain and Spectral Domain OCT devices

      Purpose: To examine the structure-function relationship between two perimetric tests, the Frequency-Doubling Technology (FDT) Matrix and Standard Automated Perimetry (SAP), and two Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) devices (Time-Domain and Spectral-Domain). Methods: This cross-sectional study included 97 eyes from 29 healthy individuals and 68 individuals with early, moderate, or advanced primary open-angle glaucoma. The correlations between overall and sectorial parameters of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) measured with Stratus and Spectralis OCT and the visual field sensitivity obtained with FDT Matrix and SAP were assessed. The relationship was also evaluated using a previously described linear model. Results: The correlation coefficients ...

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    16. Serial optical coherence tomography assessments at 2- and 4-month follow-up after paclitaxel-eluting stenting of the superficial femoral artery

      Serial optical coherence tomography assessments at 2- and 4-month follow-up after paclitaxel-eluting stenting of the superficial femoral artery

      A 71-year-old man underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) with a paclitaxel-eluting stent in superficial femoral artery (SFA). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of SFA at 2 months after EVT revealed that several struts were not covered with neointima. Moreover, some mural thrombi were detected within the stent. Although OCT revealed that the frequency of stent strut coverage was improved at the 4-month follow-up, uncovered stent strut still remained and some mural thrombi were observed within the stent even at 4 months after EVT. This is the first report to demonstrate the vascular response after paclitaxel-eluting stent placement for the lesion using serial ...

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    17. Optic nerve head assesment: comparison of Cirrus optic coherence tomography and Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph 3

      Optic nerve head assesment: comparison of Cirrus optic coherence tomography and Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph 3

      Background The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between Optic Nerve Head (ONH) parameters measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Design Prospective, cross-sectional study. Hospital setting. Participants One hundred seventy-three subjects (85 glaucoma and 88 normal subjects). Methods One eye from each individual was selected randomly for ONH imaging by the spectral domain Cirrus OCT and Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph 3 (HRT3). Main Outcome Measures Four ONH parameters that are measured by both technologies (average cup to disc ratio (CDR), rim area, disc area and cup volume) were analyzed and compared for ...

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    18. Postdoctoral Associate Position in Biophotonics at Stanford University

      Postdoctoral Associate Position in Biophotonics at Stanford University

      The Stanford Biomedical Optics Group (PI: Audrey K Ellerbee), in collaboration with clinical researchers in the School of Medicine (urology and embryology), seeks highly motivated postdoctoral candidates with a strong experimental background and solid theoretical preparation in optics, microscopy, medical imaging and image processing. Stanford University provides an outstanding environment for solid technical research with clinical impact. A postdoctoral position is available related to active research in the following areas: optical coherence tomography, endoscopic probe development, spectroscopy. Start date: Immediate. Term: Up to 2 years. Requirements: Applicants should have received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, Physics / Applied Physics, Optics ...

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    19. Funding boost for Gooch and Housego

      Funding boost for Gooch and Housego

      UK-headquartered Gooch and Housego (G&H) has won £0.8 million in government support via the UK’s Regional Growth Fund (RGF). The company, which says it will use the grant from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) to boost investment in its new systems technology business unit in Torbay, was one of 37 companies selected for RGF support in the fifth round of the competitive fund . In total, the RGF is expected to hand out £3.2 billion to UK businesses over seven years. “The objective is to build a multi-disciplinary team with expertise in mechanical, electronic ...

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      Mentions: Gooch & Housego
    20. Expanding OCT: Quanitifying the Cornea’s Optical Performance

      Expanding OCT: Quanitifying the Cornea’s Optical Performance

      Optical coherence tomography, a well-known method for imaging the retina, may allow physicians to perform quantitative metrology of the eye’s own optics. Swept-source OCT allows for simultaneous imaging of the cornea, iris and retina in living patients. Laser refractive surgeries such as laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) have brought better vision to tens of millions worldwide. But these techniques also exact a cost: because they work by reshaping the eye’s cornea, they make accurate measurement of the cornea’s optical parameters after surgery unreliable using conventional tools. That’s important, not only because inaccurate ...

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    21. In vivo OCT microangiography of rodent iris

      In vivo OCT microangiography of rodent iris

      We report on the functional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of iris tissue morphology and microcirculation in living small animals. Anterior segments of healthy mouse and rat eyes are imaged with high-speed spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) utilizing ultrahigh sensitive optical microangiography (UHS-OMAG) imaging protocol. 3D iris microvasculature is produced by the use of an algorithm that calculates absolute differences between the amplitudes of the OCT interframes. We demonstrate that the UHS-OMAG is capable of delineating iris microvascular beds in the mouse and rat with capillary-level resolution. Furthermore, the fast imaging speed enables dynamic imaging of iris micro-vascular response during drug-induced ...

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    22. UC Davis Receives a NIH Grant for studying Structure and Function of The Chorioretinal Complex in Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

      UC Davis Receives a NIH Grant  for studying Structure and Function of The Chorioretinal Complex in Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

      University of California at Davis Receives a 2014 NIH Grant for $563,632 for studying Structure and Function of The Chorioretinal Complex in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. The principal investigator is John Werner. The program began in 2014 and ends in 2019. Below is a summary of the propose work. Three aims are proposed to study the chorioretinal complex (choroid, choriocapillaris, Bruch's membrane, retinal pigment epithelium, photoreceptors) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Each aim includes both technical goals involving optical imaging and tests of hypotheses related to the pathogenesis of this disease. Aim 1 will use phase changes between successive ...

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    23. MGH Receives NIH Grant for Development of a Preclinical Optical Frequency Domain Angiography Instrument

      MGH Receives NIH Grant for Development of a Preclinical Optical Frequency Domain Angiography Instrument

      Massachusetts General Hospital Receives a 2014 NIH Grant for $467,429 for Development of a Preclinical Optical Frequency Domain Angiography Instrument. The principal investigator is Benjamin Vakoc. The program began in 2012 and ends in 2017. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Tumor-induced angiogenesis plays a central role in the progression of tumors to malignancy, provides the critical transport of blood-born therapies into the tumor space, and supplies oxygen to effectuate oxygen-dependent radiological and light-based therapies. Pre-clinical research in tumor angiogenesis and tumor microvascular function has traditionally relied on histological methods, which suffer from well-known limitations, or fluorescence-based ...

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    24. Oregon Health & Science University Receives NIH grant to study Dynamic Changes in the Chick Developing Heard in Response to Altered Hemodyanmics

      Oregon Health & Science University Receives NIH grant to study Dynamic Changes in the Chick Developing Heard in Response to Altered Hemodyanmics

      Oregon Health & Science University received at 2014 NIH grant for $404,161 to study Dynamic Changes in the Chick Developing Heard in Response to Altered Hemodyanmics. The principal investigator is Sandra Rugonyi. The program began in 2008 and ends in 2015. Below is a summary of the proposed work. About 1% newborn babies have congenital heart disease (CHD), the leading cause of death among children. The majority of CHD cases are believed not to have a genetic cause. Other factors, such as abnormal blood flow during embryonic and fetal stages can lead to heart malformations and thus CHD through poorly ...

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