1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Impact of Swept Source optical coherence tomography in patients with photoreceptor dystrophies

      Impact of Swept Source optical coherence tomography in patients with photoreceptor dystrophies

      The use of optical coherence tomography to diagnose conditions that predominantly affect the photoreceptor layer is postulated as a technique that allows to evaluate the relationship between retinal changes and loss of visual acuity. Two clinical cases are presented on patients with a bilateral decrease of their visual acuity and alteration in chromatic perception. Optical coherence tomography revealed subfoveal focal hypo-reflective defects on the hyper-reflective band (known as the ellipsoid zone).

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    2. Analysis of the Variation in Thickness of Per-papillary Retinal Optic Nerve Fibres in Professional Rugby Players

      Analysis of the Variation in Thickness of Per-papillary Retinal Optic Nerve Fibres in Professional Rugby Players

      The main hypothesis is that exposure to repeated shocks is associated with a greater decrease in the thickness of optical nerve fibres. In order to show a association between the occurrence of concussions (in number and severity) and the variation in the thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer, all participating rugby players will have an ophthalmologic examination (OCT and (retinophotography) at the beginning and end of the Rugby season.

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    3. Apelin as a Potential Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease

      Apelin as a Potential Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease

      Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 8-16% of the world's population, and is independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). As renal function declines, rates of major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality increase. In addition to hypertension, increased arterial stiffness is characteristic of CKD, a marker of CVD risk, and an independent predictor of mortality in CKD patients. The endothelium is an important regulator of arterial stiffness, and endothelial dysfunction is a feature of CKD and a predictor of CVD. Current treatment of CKD is limited and aims to reduce blood pressure and proteinuria through the use of angiotensin ...

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    4. Quantitative analysis of retinal microcirculation in children with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia: an optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Quantitative analysis of retinal microcirculation in children with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia: an optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Purpose To evaluate optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) findings on retinal microcirculation in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia compared with fellow eyes and nonamblyopic control eyes. Methods A total of 40 pediatric patients with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and 57 control subjects were recruited, and 137 eyes (40 amblyopic, 40 fellow, and 57 control eyes) were evaluated. Data on best-corrected visual acuity (logMAR), axial length (mm), refractive error, and OCTA findings (foveal avascular zone parameters, macular vascular density in superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus, central macular thickness) were recorded in amblyopic, fellow, and control eyes. Results Compared with fellow and control eyes ...

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    5. Visualizing choriocapillaris using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with various probe beam sizes

      Visualizing choriocapillaris using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with various probe beam sizes

      Imaging choriocapillaris (CC) is a long-term challenge for commercial OCT angiography (OCTA) systems due to limited transverse resolution. Effects of transverse resolution on the visualization of a CC microvascular network are explored and demonstrated in this paper. We use three probe beams with sizes of ~1.12 mm, ~2.51 mm and ~3.50 mm at the pupil plane, which deliver an estimated transverse resolution at the retina of 17.5 µm, 8.8 µm and 7.0 µm, respectively, to investigate the ability of OCTA to resolve the CC capillary vessels. The complex optical microangiography algorithm is applied to ...

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    6. Swept source-OCT and swept source-OCT angiography findings in posterior microphthalmos

      Swept source-OCT and swept source-OCT angiography findings in posterior microphthalmos

      Purpose To describe swept source-OCT (SS-OCT) and swept source-OCT angiography (SS-OCTA) findings in eyes with posterior microphthalmos (PM). Methods Twelve eyes (six patients) with PM were evaluated using SS-OCT and SS-OCTA. Structural changes, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), and perifoveal capillary changes with qualitative and quantitative assessments were analyzed. Twenty eyes served as control group. Results SS-OCT findings included elevated retinal papillo-macular fold (75%), retinal pigment epithelium folds (83%), macular cystoid spaces (42%), subretinal fluid (17%), and increased visibility of posterior vitreous cortex and hyaloid (42%). Mean SFCT in PM and in control eyes were 430.33 ± 157.48 µm and ...

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    7. Retinal perfusion 6 months after trabeculectomy as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Retinal perfusion 6 months after trabeculectomy as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To investigate potential changes of vessel density (VD) at the optic nerve head (ONH) and the macula 6 months after trabeculectomy (TE). Methods In a prospective monocentric study, 19 eyes with open-angle glaucoma were treated with TE + MMC (mitomycin C). At four different time points multiple morphological papillary parameters were measured by OCT, and the ONH VD in the radial peripapillary capillary layer and the superficial and deep plexuses of the macula was determined by OCTA (optical coherence tomography angiography, RTVue-XR, Optovue). The mean defect was determined by visual field examination (mode 30-2, Humphrey Field Analyzer). The duration of ...

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    8. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Images in Microsporidial Keratoconjunctivitis

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Images in Microsporidial Keratoconjunctivitis

      Purpose: To describe the findings of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in patients with microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis . Methods: The observational study included 13 eyes from 13 patients. Slit-lamp photography and AS-OCT were performed using the Swept source OCT before corneal scraping . All cases were positive for Gram-chromotrope (modified trichrome) staining for Microsporidia spp. Results: Three significant AS-OCT findings were observed. First, hyperreflective dots were limited to the epithelial layers of the cornea, and second, there were no extensions into the stromal layer in all cases. Last, hyperreflective dots slightly raised above the epithelial surface were observed in most cases (12 ...

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    9. Role of Intracoronary Imaging in Plaque Identification

      Role of Intracoronary Imaging in Plaque Identification

      NSTE-ACS patients are more likely to exhibit high-risk plaque characteristics in non-culprit lesions. Both IVUS and OCT imaging techniques interact in a complementary manner to provide morphological characterization of the atherosclerotic coronary plaques and help identification of high-risk vulnerable plaques. Using morphological parameters obtained from OCT and IVUS, a new plaque vulnerability score will be established for more precise definition of the most vulnerable plaques that carry the greatest risk of rupture and subsequent detrimental clinical outcomes in the future. Such score might help in targeting these plaques with certain therapeutic interventions aiming to their stabilization.

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    10. Progress in Multimodal En Face Imaging: feature introduction

      Progress in Multimodal En Face Imaging: feature introduction

      This feature issue contains papers that report on the most recent advances in the field of en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) and of combinations of modalities facilitated by the en face view. Hardware configurations for delivery of en face OCT images are described as well as specific signal and image processing techniques tailored to deliver relevant clinical diagnoses. The value of the en face perspective for enabling multimodality is illustrated by several combination modalities.

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    11. Near infrared oximetry-guided artery–vein classification in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Near infrared oximetry-guided artery–vein classification in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Differential artery–vein analysis is valuable for early detection of diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases. As a new optical coherence tomography imaging modality, optical coherence tomography angiography provides capillary level resolution for accurate examination of retinal vasculatures. However, differential artery–vein analysis in optical coherence tomography angiography particularly for macular region in which blood vessels are small is challenging. In coordination with an automatic vessel tracking algorithm, we report here the feasibility of using near infrared optical coherence tomography oximetry to guide artery–vein classification in optical coherence tomography angiography of macular region. Impact statement It is known that ...

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      Mentions: Xincheng Yao
    12. Surgical outcome and prognostic factors influencing visual acuity in myopic foveoschisis patients

      Surgical outcome and prognostic factors influencing visual acuity in myopic foveoschisis patients

      Background To analyze the optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics and visual outcome of vitrectomy in myopic foveoschisis (MF) patients and identify prognostic factors. Methods This study is a retrospective clinical cohort study in tertiary care hospital. Thirty-two eyes of 32 patients who underwent MF-related vitrectomy in were investigated retrospectively. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measured at 1 year post surgery and changes in central foveal thickness (CFT) and co-existing macular pathologies, such as foveal detachment (FD), lamellar holes, and macular holes were the main outcome measures. Prognostic factors were identified using multivariate linear regression analysis. Results Average BCVA (in logarithm of ...

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    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
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      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
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      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Organizations in the News

    1. (2 articles) National Institutes of Health
    2. (2 articles) Duke University
    3. (1 articles) Yonsei University
    4. (1 articles) Medical University of Vienna
    5. (1 articles) University of Kent
    6. (1 articles) Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    7. (1 articles) Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
    8. (1 articles) University of Coimbra
    9. (1 articles) New York Eye and Ear Infirmary
    10. (1 articles) Northwestern University
  3. People in the News

    1. (2 articles) Joseph A. Izatt
    2. (1 articles) Ruikang K. Wang
    3. (1 articles) Xincheng Yao
    4. (1 articles) Peter A. Calabresi
    5. (1 articles) Michael Pircher
    6. (1 articles) Marco A. Costa
    7. (1 articles) Adrian G. Podoleanu
    8. (1 articles) Akitaka Tsujikawa
    9. (1 articles) Axel Petzold
    10. (1 articles) Tadamichi Akagi
    11. (1 articles) Cynthia A. Toth
    12. (1 articles) Richard B. Rosen
    13. (1 articles) Oscar Carrasco-Zevallos
    14. (1 articles) Ji Yi
    15. (1 articles) Bruno Lumbroso
  4. OCT Companies in the News

    1. (3 articles) Optovue
    2. (1 articles) Boston Scientific
    3. (1 articles) Avinger
    4. (1 articles) St. Jude Medical
    5. (1 articles) Carestream Dental
  5. Picture Gallery

    Research Scientist for Optical Diagnostic at Carestream Dental Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study PhD Studentship Opening at The University of Liverpool Postdoctoral Positions Immediately Open at Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center Avinger Announces Successful Treatment of 1,000th Patient with Next-Generation Pantheris Device Ping An completes multi-center clinical trials for world's first intelligent OCT retinal disease screening system In vivo volumetric imaging by crosstalk-free full-field OCT EXALOS Introduces RGB Modules for Augmented Reality and Head-up Display Applications NinePoint Medical Announces Publication of 1000 Patient Registry Study Optimization-based vessel segmentation pipeline for robust quantification of capillary networks in skin with optical coherence tomography angiography High frequency optical coherence tomography assessment of homogenous neck coverage by intrasaccular devices predicts successful aneurysm occlusion Permanent Professor Position available at University of Lubeck
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. We are very pleased with the outcomes of this study, which are the culmination of hard work by 47 physicians across 18 collaborating hospitals...What is further encouraging is that this study was undertaken without key technological improvements that have since been launched commercially. We anticipate that future studies using the Real-time Targeting laser marking feature and our newly launched artificial intelligence software, Intelligent Real-time Image Segmentation, will improve upon these already very positive results. Working together with our commercial partner, Merit Medical, and many of the leading hospitals in the United States, we are ecstatic that this technology continues to have an important and beneficial impact for patients.
      By Eman Namati
    2. We can’t use functional OCT/OCTA in the brain to look at neurovascular coupling at the cellular level because the brain is surrounded by the skull, and fine resolution isn’t possible...But we can use functional OCT/OCTA to examine the interactions between individual photoreceptors and their blood vessels in the retina, which is much more accessible in the eye.
      By Xincheng Yao
    3. With the NSTIN plot, the temporal quadrant of the retinal nerve fiber layer is displayed in the center of the B-scan. This portion of the disc is crucial for everyday visual function, and identification of abnormal thinning in this region is essential for managing glaucoma.
      By Donald C. Hood
    4. Conavi is delighted to receive approval for the clinical use of the Novasight Hybrid System in Canada and are thankful to the many researchers, clinicians, patients, employees and other stakeholders that made this milestone possible.
      By Brian K. Courtney
    5. Being named a Fellow is a great honor, and I am in very illustrious company.
      By Audrey K. Bowden
    6. We are very excited and honored to partner with the team at Adachi. Adachi’s strong market presence in Otolaryngology, as well as their expertise in navigating Japanese regulatory and reimbursement pathways, will ensure a powerful launch of the TOMi Scope in the Japanese marketplace. We see this partnership as further validation of our technology and its potential to impact healthcare in a meaningful way. We look forward to a long and fruitful relationship with Adachi.
      By Ryan L. Shelton
    7. You can see right into the tooth,” said Dr. Daniel Fried, professor, University of California, San Francisco School of Dentistry. “The enamel looks almost like an ice cube...Many lesions in the mouth have been re-mineralized and...no longer need inter­vention,” said Fried. “Dentists have trouble telling the difference between active and arrested lesions; this new technology has the potential of differentiating them.
      By Daniel S. Fried
    8. OCT [already] has changed the practice of ophthalmol­ogy...It’s been very successful for retinal imaging...and it’s also very promising for dentistry...If the dentist doesn’t know if [a lesion] is active or arrested,” said Fried, “with OCT, you can actually see the lesion struc­ture, how deep it is and if it has a definitive surface zone suggesting that remineralization has occurred.
      By Daniel S. Fried
    9. This is the largest meeting in the world for biomedical optics, and that's because of you!
      By Rox Anderson
    10. Rox and I would like to take this opportunity to thank SPIE, program track chairs, conference chairs, and all of you in the com¬munity for the opportunity and the privilege to serve as co-chairs of BiOS all these years.
      By James G. Fujimoto