1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Artificial intelligence quickly and accurately diagnoses eye diseases and pneumonia

      Artificial intelligence quickly and accurately diagnoses eye diseases and pneumonia

      Using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques, researchers at Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in China, Germany and Texas, have developed a new computational tool to screen patients with common but blinding retinal diseases, potentially speeding diagnoses and treatment. The findings are published in the February 22 issue of Cell . "Artificial intelligence (AI) has huge potential to revolutionize disease diagnosis and management by doing analyses and classifications involving immense amounts of data that are difficult for human experts—and doing them rapidly," said senior author Kang ...

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    2. Design and implementation of a low-cost, portable OCT system

      Design and implementation of a low-cost, portable OCT system

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a widely used biomedical imaging tool, primarily in ophthalmology to diagnose and stage retinal diseases. In order to increase access for a wider range of applications and in low resource settings, we developed a portable, low-cost OCT system that has comparable imaging performance to commercially available systems. Here, we present the system design and characterization and compare the system performance to other commercially available OCT systems. In addition, future cost reductions and potential additional applications of the low-cost OCT system are discussed.

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    3. Carotid artery stenting with optical coherence tomography

      Carotid artery stenting with optical coherence tomography

      A 61-year-old man underwent a left cervical internal carotid artery stenting following a recent ischemic stroke. Postoperative angiography was satisfactory and did not reveal any in-stent filling defect ( figure 1A ). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe was used to visualize the endoluminal area following stenting. OCT confirmed optimum placement of the stent and reveled a small plaque protrusion from the stent struts following deployment ( figure 1B ).

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    4. Clinical findings and normative ocular data for free-living Anna's (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds

      Clinical findings and normative ocular data for free-living Anna's (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds

      Objective To estimate the prevalence of ocular disease and obtain normative ocular data for free-living hummingbirds. Animals studied Two hundred and sixty-three free-living, adult Hummingbirds from coastal and inland central California were studied, including Anna's ( Calypte anna , n = 186) and Black-chinned ( Archilochus alexandri ; n = 77) hummingbirds. Procedures Slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy were performed on all individuals. Rebound tonometry, measurement of horizontal palpebral fissure length, and streak retinoscopy were performed on select individuals. Five conscious Anna's Hummingbirds underwent ocular imaging including fundus photography, digital slit lamp photography, and anterior segment and retinal optical coherence tomography. Results The ...

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      Mentions: UC Davis
    5. Is optical coherence tomography a coherent strategy for carotid artery stenting?

      Is optical coherence tomography a coherent strategy for carotid artery stenting?

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is rarely necessary to guide clinical decisions about the appropriateness of carotid revascularization. For carotid artery stenting (CAS), computed tomography angiography is the best imaging tool to assess arch, carotid, and lesion-specific anatomy, including vessel dimensions and calcification. OCT is a coherent strategy after CAS to assess ambiguous angiographic findings and to guide appropriate therapy for dissection, thrombosis, and plaque prolapse.

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    6. Comparisons Between Histology and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Periarterial Capillary-Free Zone

      Comparisons Between Histology and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Periarterial Capillary-Free Zone

      Purpose To use the capillary-free zone along retinal arteries, a physiologic area of superficial avascularization, as an anatomic paradigm to investigate the reliability of optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) for visualizing the deep retinal circulation. Design Validity analysis and laboratory investigation. Methods Five normal human donor eyes (mean age 69.8 years) were perfusion-labelled with endothelial antibodies and the capillary networks of the perifovea were visualized using confocal scanning laser microscopy. Regions of the capillary-free zone along the retinal artery were imaged using OCTA in 16 normal subjects (age range 24-51 years). 3x3mm scans were acquired using the RTVue XR ...

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    7. Design and Implementation Guidelines for a Modular Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Scanner

      Design and Implementation Guidelines for a Modular Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Scanner

      In the past decades, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has transformed into a widely popular imaging technology which is used in many research and clinical applications. Despite such fast growth in the field, the technology has not been readily accessible to many research laboratories either due to the cost or inflexibility of the commercially available systems or due to the lack of essential knowledge in the field of optics to develop custom-made scanners that suit specific applications. This paper aims to provide a detailed discussion on the design and development process of a typical SD-OCT scanner. The effects of multiple ...

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    8. Heart rate sensitive optical coherence angiography

      Heart rate sensitive optical coherence angiography

      Optical coherence angiography (OCA) enables visualisation of three-dimensional micro-vasculature from optical coherence tomography data volumes. Typically, various statistical methods are used to discriminate static tissue from blood flow within vessels. In this paper, we introduce a new method that relies upon the beating heart frequency to isolate blood vessels from the surrounding tissue. Vascular blood flow is assumed to be more strongly modulated by the heart-beat compared to surrounding tissue and therefore short-time Fourier transform of sequential measurements can discriminate the two. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that adjacent B-Scans within an OCT data volume can provide the required sampling frequency ...

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    9. Motion-compensated optical coherence tomography using envelope-based surface detection and Kalman-based prediction

      Motion-compensated optical coherence tomography using envelope-based surface detection and Kalman-based prediction

      We present an optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging system that effectively compensates unwanted axial motion with micron-scale accuracy. The OCT system is based on a swept-source (SS) engine (1060-nm center wavelength, 100-nm full-width sweeping bandwidth, and 100-kHz repetition rate), with axial and lateral resolutions of about 4.5 and 8.5 microns respectively. The SS-OCT system incorporates a distance sensing method utilizing an envelope-based surface detection algorithm. The algorithm locates the target surface from the B-scans, taking into account not just the first or highest peak but the entire signature of sequential A-scans. Subsequently, a Kalman filter is applied as ...

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    10. Optical coherence tomography angiography and cutaneous wound healing

      Optical coherence tomography angiography and cutaneous wound healing

      Background: Examination of the skin’s vascular and structural features is essential in clinical, medical, and research dermatology. However, there is a lack of comprehensive imaging tools that clearly and accurately evaluates the skin’s vascular and structural features. Current techniques are invasive and have inherent preparatory drawbacks. Aim: To use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) for a more accurate depiction of vessels in the skin without the use of a dye or other invasive techniques to visualize and asses the role of the skin’s vasculature during the process’ of wound healing. Method: We used an in-house-built, swept source-OCT ...

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    11. Monitoring of injury induced brain regeneration of the adult zebrafish by using optical coherence tomography

      Monitoring of injury induced brain regeneration of the adult zebrafish by using optical coherence tomography

      The adult zebrafish has pronounced regenerative capacity of the brain, which makes it an ideal model organism of vertebrate biology for the investigation of recovery of central nervous system injuries. The aim of this study was to employ spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system for long-term in vivo monitoring of tissue regeneration using an adult zebrafish model of brain injury. Based on a 1325 nm light source and two high-speed galvo mirrors, the SD-OCT system can offer a large field of view of the three-dimensional (3D) brain structures with high imaging resolution (12 μm axial and 13 μm lateral) at ...

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    12. Predictors of Retinal Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Longitudinal Study Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography with Segmentation Analysis

      Predictors of Retinal Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Longitudinal Study Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography with Segmentation Analysis

      Background Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease characterized by progressive axonal loss affecting mainly the inner retinal layers. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides in-vivo quantification of the retinal layers and allows measuring progressive retinal changes. Our objective was to assess the longitudinal changes in the retina using spectral domain OCT (SDOCT) and to identify independent predictors affecting retinal thinning in MS patients. Methods A prospective study in a tertiary care MS center was conducted to study the longitudinal retinal changes in MS patients. All subjects underwent baseline and follow up OCT assessment with segmentation analysis. Regression analysis was performed ...

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    13. Temporal and Volumetric Denoising via Quantile Sparse Image (QuaSI) Prior in Optical Coherence Tomography and Beyond

      Temporal and Volumetric Denoising via Quantile Sparse Image (QuaSI) Prior in Optical Coherence Tomography and Beyond

      This paper introduces an universal and structure-preserving regularization term, called quantile sparse image (QuaSI) prior. The prior is suitable for denoising images from various medical image modalities. We demonstrate its effectivness on volumetric optical coherence tomography (OCT) and computed tomography (CT) data, which show differnt noise and image characteristics. OCT offers high-resolution scans of the human retina but is inherently impaired by speckle noise. CT on the other hand has a lower resolution and shows high-frequency noise. For purpose of denoising, we propose a variational framework based on the QuaSI prior and a Huber data fidelity model that can handle ...

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    1. (2 articles) Simon Fraser University
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  5. Picture Gallery

    Research Fellow/ Research Associate at The University of Western Australia Postdoctoral Positions Open in Neural, Cognitive, and Rehabilitation Engineering at University of Houston. Optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology: an audit of the first year in Western Australia Summary of Information: Introducing ADQ14OCT – A 14-bit digitizer optimized for Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography PhotoniCare wins Startup Challenge with pitch for non-invasive ear inspection Large-volume, low-cost, high-precision FMCW tomography using stitched DFBs Open PhD Position at the Institute of Medical Technology at Hamburg University of Technology “Bringing on the light” in a complex clinical scenario: Optical coherence tomography–guided discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in cancer patients with coronary artery disease (PROTECT-OCT registry) High-speed optical coherence tomography by circular interferometric ranging OCT Application Engineer: Wasatch Photonics - North Carolina Imaging the Whole Human Eye Post-Doctoral Fellowship on Image Processing (OCT and OCTA) at Oregon Health & Science University
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. We started with middle ear infections because of our personal experience with this disease as both parents and patients. Our novel application of optical coherence tomography revolutionizes the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of the middle ear infections that affect 80% of children.
      By Ryan L. Shelton
    2. With the assistance of the next generation Pantheris system, we helped restore blood flow within the previously blocked segment of the artery and most importantly achieved a great outcome for the patient.
      By Arne G. Schwindt
    3. OCT is the ‘work horse’ of the biomedical photonics research field ...“Integrating the components in photonics chips will further increase both the technical and the clinical capabilities of OCT. Furthermore, PIC-based OCT will not only make the current applications cheaper but also broaden its application scope.
      By Ton G. van Leeuwen
    4. This agreement represents an important commercial milestone for Conavi. China has the second largest volume of cardiovascular interventional procedures in the world and is growing quickly as a result of extensive investments in healthcare infrastructure. We are delighted to have found a partner that shares our vision of bringing the potential benefits of advanced image guidance to a broad range of existing and emerging minimally invasive cardiovascuar procedures to patients in China.
      By Brian K. Courtney
    5. We are thrilled to be celebrating three years since we introduced our AngioVue OCT Angiography imaging technology at the AAO in 2014.
      By Jay Wei
    6. Optovue continues to lead innovation in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging with the first non-contact technique of measuring the epithelial layer of the cornea...Our epi-mapping software has been the subject of more than 200 publications, underscoring its importance and value in the care of patients with corneal and ocular surface conditions. With epi-mapping, physicians are able to quantify epithelial thickness in patients in a manner that is suitable for daily clinical practice.
      By Jay Wei
    7. Combining en-face OCT with movement detection within blood vessels, we get OCT-A, and with it a new imaging era.
      By Eric H. Souied
    8. Obtaining the Category III CPT code for OCT of the skin is an important step towards our goal of obtaining reimbursement and coverage, and we welcome the new codes that can be used by clinicians to record their clinical use of VivoSight OCT in their practice.
      By Jon Holmes
    9. We showed that you can take effectively any OCT system out there and, with minimal changes, boost its resolution to the point where it can detect anatomical features smaller than the size of a typical cell.
      By Adam de la Zerda
    10. This honor highlights the commitment Avinger has to bring the most advanced technology to market for physicians dedicated to treating PAD and their patients who are affected by this disease...Pantheris radically changes the treatment of vascular disease and the Edison Award represents a win for our entire Lumivascular portfolio.
      By John B. Simpson