1. Feature Of The Week

    The study of mosquitoes and analysis of their behavior are of crucial importance in the on-going efforts to control the alarming increase in mosquito-borne diseases. Furthermore, a non-destructive and real-time imaging technique to study the anatomical features of mosquito specimens can greatly aid the study of mosquitoes. In this study, we demonstrate the three-dimensional imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for structural analysis of Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes. The anatomical features of An. sinensis head, thorax, and abdominal regions, along with the morphology of internal structures, such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut, were studied using OCT imaging. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional OCT images, used in conjunction with histological images, proved useful for anatomical analysis of mosquito specimens. By presenting this work as an initial study, we demonstrate the applicability of OCT for future mosquito-related entomological research, and also in identifying changes in mosquito anatomical structure.

    For more information see recent Article. Courtesy Naresh Kumar Ravichandran from Kyungpook National University. To share this article click Here.
  2. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Automatic vessel detection by means of brightness profile characterization in OCT images

      Automatic vessel detection by means of brightness profile characterization in OCT images

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a well-established medical imaging technique that allows the analysis of the eye fundus characteristics in real time. These images enable the experts to make a clinical evaluation of the retinal vasculature, whose morphology provides relevant information for diseases like diabetes, hypertension or arteriosclerosis. In this paper, we present a novel proposal for the automatic vasculature identification in retinal OCT images. To achieve this, we analyse the intensity profiles between representative retinal layers, previously segmented. Then, two statistical models are generated using representative samples of vessel and non-vessel profiles. The analysis of both statistical models let ...

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    2. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CENTRAL FOVEAL THICKNESS PRE AND POST CATARACT SURGERY USING SD-OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CENTRAL FOVEAL THICKNESS PRE AND POST CATARACT SURGERY USING SD-OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to compare central foveal thickness (CFT) of patients preoperatively and postoperatively cataract surgery using SD- optical coherence tomography and to correlate CFT with vision. MATERIALS AND METHODS 200 eyes of 100 patients were examined and two groups were formed. Group-A was considered as the control group in the study and eyes in group-B were operated for cataract using SICS technique. The central foveal thickness (CFT) in each group was measured using SD-OCT machine (Cirrus Zeiss) preoperatively, postoperatively on day 1, week 1 and after 1 month and the data was compiled and compared ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography findings and successful repair of retina detachment in Knobloch syndrome

      A 7-year-old Afghani girl was referred to the retina clinic of Massachusetts Eye and Ear for a chronic-appearing, macula-off retinal detachment in the left eye. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/400 in the right eye and 20/800 in the left eye. She had bilateral horizontal nystagmus. Ophthalmoscopy revealed prominent choroidal vessels, chorioretinal atrophy in the macular area, attenuated retinal vasculature, and pale optic discs bilaterally. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography demonstrated atrophy of the choriocapillaris and the retinal pigment epithelium, retinal thinning, and abnormal foveal contour. In the right eye, findings were reminiscent of dome shape maculopathy ...

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    4. Feature definition, analysis and selection for cystoid region characterization in Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feature definition, analysis and selection for cystoid region characterization in Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is, nowadays, a clinical standard imaging technique in opthalmology as it provides more information than other classical modalities as can be, for instance, retinographies. OCT scans show a 3D representation of the real layout of the eye fundus in a non-invasive way, letting clinicians inspect deeply the retinal layers in a cross-sectional visualization. For that reason, OCT scans are commonly used in the study of the retinal morphology and the identification of pathological structures. Among them, an appropriate identification and analysis of any present intraretinal cystoid region is crucial to perform an adequate diagnosis of the ...

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    5. Automatic spectral calibration for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automatic spectral calibration for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Accurate wavelength assignment is important for Fourier domain polarizationsensitive optical coherence tomography. Incorrect wavelength mapping between the orthogonal horizontal (H) and vertical (V) polarization channels leads to broadening the axial point spread function and generating polarization artifacts. To solve the problem, we propose an automatic spectral calibration method by seeking the optimal calibration coefficient between wavenumber kH and kV. The method first performs a rough calibration to get the relationship between the wavelength λ and the pixel number x of the CCD for each channel. And then a precise calibration is taken to bring both polarization interferograms in the same k ...

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    6. Using polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography and mechanical indentation to assess cartilage degeneration in the bovine model of early osteoarthritis

      Using polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography and mechanical indentation to assess cartilage degeneration in the bovine model of early osteoarthritis

      Recent studies have shown potential for using polarisation sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) to study cartilage morphology, and this presents a useful real-time non-invasive tool for detecting osteoarthritic changes. However, there has been relatively limited ability of this method to quantify the subtle changes in the early stages of joint degeneration. In this study, we investigate the ability of PS-OCT to detect microscale degenerative changes in cartilage, following compression, using a validated animal model of early cartilage degeneration, and a special indentation technique. It was found that PS-OCT was able to detect and quantify microstructural changes between healthy and early ...

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    7. Cystoid macular edema segmentation of Optical Coherence Tomography images using fully convolutional neural networks and fully connected CRFs

      Cystoid macular edema segmentation of Optical Coherence Tomography images using fully convolutional neural networks and fully connected CRFs

      In this paper we present a new method for cystoid macular edema (CME) segmentation in retinal Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images, using a fully convolutional neural network (FCN) and a fully connected conditional random fields (dense CRFs). As a first step, the framework trains the FCN model to extract features from retinal layers in OCT images, which exhibit CME, and then segments CME regions using the trained model. Thereafter, dense CRFs are used to refine the segmentation according to the edema appearance. We have trained and tested the framework with OCT images from 10 patients with diabetic macular edema (DME ...

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    8. Simultaneous, label-free, multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and optical coherence tomography using a double-clad fiber

      Simultaneous, label-free, multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and optical coherence tomography using a double-clad fiber

      We present a novel fiber-based imaging platform that allows simultaneous fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) using a double-clad fiber. This platform acquires co-registered images showing structural and compositional contrast in unlabeled biological samples by scanning the fiber tip across the sample surface. In this Letter, we report a characterization of each modality and show examples of co-registered FLIm and OCT images acquired from a lemon segment and a section of human coronary artery. The close comparison between the combined FLIm and OCT images and a co-registered histology section provides a qualitative validation of the technique and ...

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    9. Effect of Post-Dilatation Following Primary PCI With Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold Versus Everolimus-Eluting Metallic Stent Implantation: An Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography TROFI II Substudy

      Effect of Post-Dilatation Following Primary PCI With Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffold Versus Everolimus-Eluting Metallic Stent Implantation: An Angiographic and Optical Coherence Tomography TROFI II Substudy

      Objectives This study sought to investigate the effect of post-dilatation on angiographic and intracoronary imaging parameters in the setting of primary percutaneous coronary intervention comparing the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) with the everolimus-eluting metallic stent (EES). Background Routine post-dilatation of BRS has been suggested to improve post-procedural angiographic and subsequent device-related clinical outcomes. Methods In the ABSORB STEMI TROFI II trial, 191 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to treatment with BRS (n = 95) or EES (n = 96). Minimal lumen area and healing score as assessed by optical coherence tomography at 6 months were compared between BRS- ...

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    10. Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of macular vascular structure and foveal avascular zone in glaucoma

      Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of macular vascular structure and foveal avascular zone in glaucoma

      Objective The study aimed to evaluate the quantitative characteristics of the macular vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in glaucoma using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Design Cross-sectional, age- and sex-matched case–control study. Methods Fifty-two eyes of 52 patients with primary open angle glaucoma and 52 eyes from 52 healthy participants were recruited retrospectively. OCT-A was performed on a 3 x 3-mm macular region centered on the fovea. OCT-A scans were manually graded to define the FAZ. Parafoveal VD in superficial and deep retina were analyzed in the circular- and quadrant-segmented zone. The FAZ parameters included size ...

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    11. Choroidal Variations in Diabetic Macular Edema: Fluorescein Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Choroidal Variations in Diabetic Macular Edema: Fluorescein Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purposes : To (i) evaluate variations in choroidal thickness (CT) and choroidal volume (CV) in diabetic macular edema (DME), as demonstrated by fluorescein angiography (FA) and enhanced depth-imaging (EDI) optical coherence tomography (OCT) (EDI-OCT) and (ii) correlate these variations with visual acuity. Methods : This study was a retrospective observational case series of patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and DME. The study groups comprised 77 DR patients ( n = 87), all of whom underwent color fundus photography, FA, and OCT on the same day. The control group comprised 25 age-matched healthy individuals ( n = 50 eyes). CT was measured by manual segmentation (EDI-OCT built-in ...

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    12. Flexible wide-field optical micro-angiography based on Fourier-domain multiplexed dual-beam swept source optical coherence tomography

      Flexible wide-field optical micro-angiography based on Fourier-domain multiplexed dual-beam swept source optical coherence tomography

      Wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is gaining interest in clinical imaging applications. In this pursuit, it is challenging to maintain the imaging resolution and sensitivity throughout the wide field of view (FoV). Here, we propose a novel method/system of dual-beam arrangement and Fourier domain multiplexing to achieve wide field OCTA when imaging the uneven surface samples. The proposed system provides two separate FoVs, with flexibility that the imaging area, focus of the imaging beam and imaging depth range can be individually adjusted for each FoV, leading to either 1) increased system imaging FoV or 2) capability of targeting ...

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    13. Baton Handover At Blackbird Robotics

      Baton Handover At Blackbird Robotics

      Since 2008, Blackbird Robotersysteme has stood for intelligent system solutions in the robot-assisted laser welding field. Its internally developed control technology and user software are combined with scan systems of affiliated company SCANLAB to create top-performing welding systems. The product range consistently focuses on requirements of customers in the automotive branch and other industrial sectors, while offering increasingly highly integrated system solutions. A laser welding system with OCT (optical coherence tomography) technology for integrated seam tracking and process monitoring, newly introduced just this June, is proof of the company's strategic advancement to system supplier. And international growth, particularly in ...

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    14. Multi-Modal Imaging Including Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

      Multi-Modal Imaging Including Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

      ACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: New imaging methods provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four patients (eight eyes) in acute, subacute, and late phases of the disease were analyzed with multi-modal imaging methods including optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), structural OCT, fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence. One patient was observed during the entire disease course. RESULTS: In acute and subacute phases of the disease, an early blockage in fluorescein angiography was found. OCTA showed perfusion defects in choriocapillaris and choroid slabs. During the course of disease, perfusion deficits observed in OCTA ...

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  6. Recent Quotes

    1. Optovue continues to lead innovation in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging with the first non-contact technique of measuring the epithelial layer of the cornea...Our epi-mapping software has been the subject of more than 200 publications, underscoring its importance and value in the care of patients with corneal and ocular surface conditions. With epi-mapping, physicians are able to quantify epithelial thickness in patients in a manner that is suitable for daily clinical practice.
      By Jay Wei
    2. Combining en-face OCT with movement detection within blood vessels, we get OCT-A, and with it a new imaging era.
      By Eric H. Souied
    3. Obtaining the Category III CPT code for OCT of the skin is an important step towards our goal of obtaining reimbursement and coverage, and we welcome the new codes that can be used by clinicians to record their clinical use of VivoSight OCT in their practice.
      By Jon Holmes
    4. We showed that you can take effectively any OCT system out there and, with minimal changes, boost its resolution to the point where it can detect anatomical features smaller than the size of a typical cell.
      By Adam de la Zerda
    5. This honor highlights the commitment Avinger has to bring the most advanced technology to market for physicians dedicated to treating PAD and their patients who are affected by this disease...Pantheris radically changes the treatment of vascular disease and the Edison Award represents a win for our entire Lumivascular portfolio.
      By John B. Simpson
    6. While we have been actively advancing our lesion assessment technology for the last two years, we are very pleased to see that the significant Series B investment will give MedLumics the means to complete our best-in-class product, conduct a series of international clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy, and market it to specialist centers. As the company advances and grows into new areas, we will now expand and develop the team internationally.
      By Eduardo Margallo Balbás
    7. It's the most rapidly adopted ophthalmic technology in history.
      By Joel S. Schuman
    8. Our OCT Angiography congresses is a major force in promoting the transition from FA to OCTA by educating the ophthalmologists .
      By Bruno Lumbroso
    9. The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber-optical communications...And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    10. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid