1. Feature of The Week

    Nuclear-to-cytoplasmic (N/C) ratio is an effective feature to distinguish cancer cells from their normal counterparts. In conventional cytopathology, cells printed or smeared on a glass slide were stained and then evaluated by two-dimensional (2D) images through light microscopy. A random rayburst sampling (RRBS) framework was developed to detect the nucleus and cell membrane boundaries in three-dimensional (3D) space. Raw images were acquired through a full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) system with submicron resolution—i.e. 0.8 µm in lateral and 0.9 µm in axial direction. The near isometric resolution enables 3D segmentation of nucleus and cell membrane for determining the volumetric N/C ratio of a single cell. The FF-OCT light source was generated from a laser-diode-pumped crystalline fiber. To achieve high brightness and broadband emissions from 400 nm to 1.6 μm, glass-clad crystal fibers were drawn by the laser-heated pedestal growth and cladded by various glass capillaries. These light sources are eminently suitable for FF-OCT because of their cw operation and near-Gaussian high-brightness spectra. The RRBS framework was insensitive to the selection of seeds and image pixel noise. The robustness of the RRBS framework was verified through the convergence of the N/C ratio searching algorithm. The relative standard deviation of the N/C ratio between different randomly selected seed sets was only 2%. This technique is useful for various in vitro assays on single cell analyses.

    For more information see recent Articles. Courtesy Sheng-Lung Huang from National Taiwan University. To share this article click Here.

  2. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Optical Coherence Tomography For the Detection of the Vulnerable Plaque

      Optical Coherence Tomography For the Detection of the Vulnerable Plaque

      Morphological characteristics of the atheromatous plaque have been associated with the development of plaque rupture and the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Plaques with a specific morphological phenotype that are at high risk of causing ACS are called vulnerable plaques, and can be identified in vivo through the use of intracoronary imaging. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution intravascular imaging modality that enables detailed visualization of atheromatous plaques. Consequently, OCT is a valuable research tool for examining the role of morphological characteristics of atheromatous plaques in the progression of coronary artery disease and plaque destabilisation, which leads to ...

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    2. Quasi-needle-like focus synthesized by optical coherence tomography

      Quasi-needle-like focus synthesized by optical coherence tomography

      It is known that lateral resolution and depth of focus (DOF) in an optical imaging system are coupled, and a compromise between them has to be made. In this Letter, we propose to resolve the trade-off between lateral resolution and the DOF by a synthetic effective point spread function in optical path length (OPL) domain. A quasi-needle-like focus is synthesized by optical coherence tomography. We demonstrate that the synthesized quasi-needle-like focus provides a four-fold extension of a conventional DOF, while maintaining a high lateral resolution of 2.5 μm over a depth range of approximately 240 μm. The focal range ...

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    3. Choroidal Thickness Variation According to Refractive Error Measured by Spectral Domain-optical Coherence Tomography in Korean Children

      Choroidal Thickness Variation According to Refractive Error Measured by Spectral Domain-optical Coherence Tomography in Korean Children

      Purpose To assess choroidal thickness (CT) variation according to refractive errors using enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography. Methods Eighty-nine eyes (in 89 children) <±6 diopter were categorized into three groups: hyperopia, emmetropia, and myopia, according to refractive error, and underwent choroidal scans using enhanced-depth imaging-optical coherence tomography. CT was measured at the fovea and at 1 mm and 3 mm nasal (N1 and N3), temporal (T1 and T3), superior (S1 and S3), and inferior (I1 and I3) from the fovea. Results Mean foveal CTs were 346.86 µm, 301.97 µm, and 267.46 µm in the hyperopia, emmetropia, and ...

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    4. Interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion parameter measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion parameter measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Aim The aim of the study was to investigate the interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods A prospective cross-sectional observational study. Healthy adult Chinese subjects were recruited. Macular perfusion parameters were automatically analysed by software included in a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. The vessel density (VD) of the whole, parafovea, superior-hemi, inferior-hemi, fovea, temporal, superior, nasal and inferior quadrants as well as the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and choroidal capillary VD (CCVD) were quantified. Results A total of 51 eyes in 27 subjects were included (8 men and 19 women, mean age ...

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    5. West Nile Virus Chorioretinitis With Foveal Involvement Evolution of Lesions on Optical Coherence Tomography

      West Nile Virus Chorioretinitis With Foveal Involvement Evolution of Lesions on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To describe the clinical course of foveal West Nile virus (WNV) chorioretinitis with longitudinal spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging. Methods: Case report. Results: A 41-year-old man with diabetes mellitus presented with flashes and floaters of both eyes (OU) and decreased vision of the right eye (OD) 2 weeks after being discharged from a local hospital. He had been treated for WNV meningoencephalitis, and he recovered systemically with supportive therapy. Ophthalmic examination revealed WNV chorioretinitis bilaterally, with predominantly foveal involvement OD. His best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 8/200 OD and 20/20 of the left eye (OS ...

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    6. QUANTIFICATION OF RETINAL VESSEL TORTUOSITY IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      QUANTIFICATION OF RETINAL VESSEL TORTUOSITY IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To investigate the association of vessel tortuosity with severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) using optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 30 healthy eyes and 121 eyes of diabetic subjects with no DR, mild nonproliferative DR (NPDR), moderate to severe NPDR and proliferative DR (PDR). Binarized images were used to quantify the vessel tortuosity, vessel density, foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, and FAZ acircularity. The vessels were divided vertically as superficial retinal layer and deep retinal layer, and horizontally as circular areas with 3 mm and 1.5 mm diameters. Analysis of variance was performed for multiple comparisons ...

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    7. SD-OCT Choroidal Thickness in Advanced Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

      SD-OCT Choroidal Thickness in Advanced Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

      Purpose: To assess the choroidal thickness in advanced primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) comparing patients affected by advanced glaucoma and normal subject using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: In total, 35 eyes of 35 patients affected by POAG with advanced perimetric defect (mean deviation worse than -12 dB) were prospectively enrolled and underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including enhanced depth imaging SD-OCT. One eye of 35 healthy subjects served as control group. Choroidal thickness was measured at the subfoveal location, at 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mm nasal and temporal to the fovea. Primary outcome measure was ...

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    8. Effects of diurnal, lighting, and angle-of-incidence variation on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) angle metrics

      Effects of diurnal, lighting, and angle-of-incidence variation on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) angle metrics

      Background First reported study to assess the effect of diurnal variation on anterior chamber angle measurements, as well as, to re-test the effects of lighting and angle-of-incidence variation on anterior chamber angle (ACA) measurements acquired by time-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Methods A total of 30 eyes from 15 healthy, normal subjects underwent anterior chamber imaging using a Visante time-domain AS-OCT according to an IRB-approved protocol. For each eye, the inferior angle was imaged twice in the morning (8 am – 10 am) and then again in the afternoon (3 pm – 5 pm), under light meter-controlled conditions with ambient ...

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    9. Influence of cataract on image quality and macular thickness measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography: a prospective cohort study

      Influence of cataract on image quality and macular thickness measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography: a prospective cohort study

      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the most useful imaging techniques in the management of retinal diseases affecting the macula. Factors affecting the image quality of OCT may affect the macular thickness and hence treatment of retinal pathologies. This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of cataract on macular scans using spectral domain OCT. Methods: The prospective study was done in 36 patients with cataract. Cataract was graded as cortical, nuclear or posterior cataracts. All patients underwent small incision cataract surgery. Pre and post-operative imaging of the macula (4 weeks after surgery) using spectral domain OCT. The ...

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    10. Role of high resolution optical coherence tomography in diagnosing ocular surface squamous neoplasia with coexisting ocular surface diseases

      Role of high resolution optical coherence tomography in diagnosing ocular surface squamous neoplasia with coexisting ocular surface diseases

      Purpose Coexistence of an ocular surface disease can mask the typical features of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). The purpose of this study was to evaluate high resolution optical coherence tomography (HR-OCT) as an adjunct in the detection and differentiation of OSSN within coexisting ocular surface pathologies. Methods Retrospective study of 16 patients with ocular surface disease and lesions suspicious for OSSN that were evaluated with HR-OCT. HR-OCT images of the lesions were taken to look for evidence of OSSN. Biopsies were performed in all cases, and the HR-OCT findings were compared to the histological results. Results Of the 16 ...

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    11. ADULT-ONSET FOVEOMACULAR VITELLIFORM DYSTROPHY EVALUATED BY MEANS OF OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY: A Comparison With Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Healthy Eyes

      ADULT-ONSET FOVEOMACULAR VITELLIFORM DYSTROPHY EVALUATED BY MEANS OF OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY: A Comparison With Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Healthy Eyes

      Purpose: To investigate alterations of superficial and deep retinal vascular densities, as well as of choroidal thickness, in patients affected by adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy (AOFVD). Methods: A total of 22 eyes (15 patients) affected by AOFVD were recruited in the study. Furthermore, 20 eyes of 20 healthy subjects and 20 eyes of 18 patients affected by intermediate dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) were enrolled. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including optical coherence tomography angiography. Outcome measures were superficial vessel density, deep vessel density, and choroidal thickness. Results: Parafoveal superficial vessel density was increased in patients with AOFVD ...

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    12. Relationship of Optic Nerve Structure and Function to Peripapillary Vessel Density Measurements of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma

      Relationship of Optic Nerve Structure and Function to Peripapillary Vessel Density Measurements of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma

      Purpose: To evaluate the sectoral and global structure-structure (vessel density-retinal nerve fiber layer thickness) and structure-function (vessel density-visual sensitivity loss) relationships of peripapillary vessel density measurements on optical coherence tomography angiography in primary open-angle glaucoma and to determine if fractional polynomial (FP) models characterize the relationships better than linear models. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, structure-structure and structure-function relationships of peripapillary vessel densities were determined in 227 eyes of 143 subjects (63 control and 164 primary open-angle glaucoma eyes) who had undergone standard automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography testing within 6 months of each other, using linear ...

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    13. MIT Receives a 2017 NIH Grant for $395,107 for Novel Diagnostics with Optical Coherence Tomography

      MIT Receives a 2017 NIH Grant for $395,107 for Novel Diagnostics with Optical Coherence Tomography

      MIT Receives a 2017 NIH Grant for $395,107 for Novel Diagnostics with Optical Coherence Tomography. The principal investigatyor is James Fujimoto. THe program began in 1985 adn ends in 2020/ Below is a summary of hte proposed workd This proposal is a resubmission of a competing renewal application for an ongoing collaborative program among investigators at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New England Eye Center and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Eye Center. This is a multidisciplinary program which integrates imaging technology research, clinical and small animal imaging studies. The specific aims are: Aim 1. Next generation OCT technology ...

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    14. Iatrogenic Coronary Artery Dissection Induced During Invasive Absolute Coronary Blood Flow Measurement: Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      Iatrogenic Coronary Artery Dissection Induced During Invasive Absolute Coronary Blood Flow Measurement: Optical Coherence Tomography Findings

      A 65-year-old woman with previous history of hypertension was referred to our institution due to effort angina with a positive exercise stress test. Coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. A vasospasm provocation test with methylergonovine was negative. With the aim of assessing the state of microvasculature, absolute coronary blood flow by thermodilution was performed as previously described.

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      Mentions: Fernando Alfonso
    15. OCT probes and OCT optical probe component for use therein

      OCT probes and OCT optical probe component for use therein

      An OCT optical probe component comprising: A rod having a first end and a second end, a lens situated proximate to the second end of the rod, the lens having a surface with an inner zone a, and an outer zone b, wherein the inner zone a is associated with the focal length fla, and said outer zone b is associated with the focal length flb, such that optical probe component is multi-focal, the optical probe capable of imaging at multiple image planes, via the lens of an object adjacent to the first end of the rod, wherein the at ...

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      Mentions: Corning
    16. See all articles
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    1. (3 articles) UCSF
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    1. (2 articles) Carl Zeiss Meditec
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  5. Picture Gallery

    Near-IR and CP-OCT imaging of suspected occlusal caries lesions Opportunity Research Assistant/Associate in Biophotonics and Endoscopic Imaging at Imperial College London MedLumics Secures 34.4 Million Euros in Series B Funding for OCT Guided Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation Intraoperative 4-Dimensional Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence TomographyGuided 27-Gauge Transvitreal Choroidal Biopsy for Choroidal Melanoma Handheld optical coherence tomography angiography Intraoperative optical coherence tomography for soft tissue sarcoma differentiation and margin identification In vivo optophysiology reveals that G-protein activation triggers osmotic swelling and increased light scattering of rod photoreceptors Optimization-based adaptive optics for optical coherence tomography (Thesis) 2nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography (emphasis on broadband optical sources) September 2017 IDx and IBM Watson Health Forge Alliance for Eye Health €4m project to speed diagnosis of esophageal cancer Integrated Local Binary Pattern Texture Features for Classification of Breast Tissue Imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. While we have been actively advancing our lesion assessment technology for the last two years, we are very pleased to see that the significant Series B investment will give MedLumics the means to complete our best-in-class product, conduct a series of international clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy, and market it to specialist centers. As the company advances and grows into new areas, we will now expand and develop the team internationally.
      By Eduardo Margallo Balbás
    2. It's the most rapidly adopted ophthalmic technology in history.
      By Joel S. Schuman
    3. Our OCT Angiography congresses is a major force in promoting the transition from FA to OCTA by educating the ophthalmologists .
      By Bruno Lumbroso
    4. The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber-optical communications...And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    5. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid
    6. Our study demonstrates world-record results in cubic meter volume imaging, with at least an order of magnitude larger depth range and volume compared to previous demonstrations of three-dimensional OCT...These results provide a proof-of-principle demonstration for using OCT in this new regime...Long-range OCT is a new range of operation that requires extremely high performance light sources, integrated optical receivers and signal processing.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    7. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid
    8. "The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber optical communications,. And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    9. OCT has revolutionized the treatment of eye disease on a global basis and it is now routinely used to make clinical decisions in treating patients with blinding eye diseases...I’ve been honored to be part of the team that created this technology and to know our creation has improved diagnosis and treatment for millions of eye patients around the world.
      By Carmen A. Puliafito
    10. We believe strongly that our MRO™ sub-dermal fingerprint technology can play a key role in addressing the presentation attack problem by providing an effective deployable solution.
      By Don Bogue