1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Investigation of cell dynamics in 3D cell spheroids and cell interaction with 3D printed scaffolds by mOCT

      Investigation of cell dynamics in 3D cell spheroids and cell interaction with 3D printed scaffolds by mOCT

      Optical coherence tomography is a non-invasive and label-free imaging modality based on the detection of backscattered light in samples. As microscopic OCT (mOCT) combines high axial and lateral resolution, an investigation of biological and printed samples at subcellular level is feasible. The additional excellent depth resolution enables mOCT to be a suitable quality control of 3D printed samples. The use of speckle variance adds information about cell viability. Here we present the feasibility of investigating cell viability within a cell spheroid and monitoring the cell interaction with bioprinted scaffolds using mOCT.

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    2. Neoatherosclerosis ― Long-Term Assessment of Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold ―

      Neoatherosclerosis ― Long-Term Assessment of Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold ―

      Although metallic stents improved the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), even the latest generation of drug-eluting stents (DES) is still limited by several factors. The limitations of DES are mainly related to the permanent metallic caging in vessel, chronic inflammatory response to the polymer and adverse effects of antiproliferative drug on endothelial tissue, leading to impaired physiological vasomotor response and late stent-related adverse events such as stent thrombosis and neoatherosclerosis. Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS; Abbott Vascular) was designed to overcome these drawbacks of DES by disappearing from the vessel wall. Absorb BVS, however, was withdrawn from ...

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    3. Efficacy and Reproducibility of Attenuation-Compensated Optical Coherence Tomography for Assessing External Elastic Membrane Border and Plaque Composition in Native and Stented Segments ― An In Vivo and Histology-Based Study ―

      Efficacy and Reproducibility of Attenuation-Compensated Optical Coherence Tomography for Assessing External Elastic Membrane Border and Plaque Composition in Native and Stented Segments ― An In Vivo and Histology-Based Study ―

      Background: Attenuation-compensated (AC) technique was recently introduced to improve the plaque characterization of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Histological validation demonstrated promising results but the efficacy and reproducibility of this technique for assessing in-vivo tissue composition remains unclear. Methods and Results: OCT images portraying native (n=200) and stented (n=200) segments and 31 histological cross-sections were analyzed. AC-OCT appeared superior to conventional (C)-OCT in detecting the external elastic lamina (EEM) borders (76% vs. 65.5%); AC-OCT enabled larger EEM arc detection compared with C-OCT (174.2±58.7° vs. 137.5±57.9°; P<0.001). There was poor ...

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    4. Spectral domain - Optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) as a monitoring tool for alterations in mouse lenses

      Spectral domain - Optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) as a monitoring tool for alterations in mouse lenses

      The eye lens displayes a variety of phenotypes in the wake of genetical modifications or environmental influences. Therefore, a high-resolution in vivo imaging method for the lens is desirable. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a powerful imaging tool in ophthalmology, especially for retinal imaging in small animal models such as mice. Here, we demonstrate an optimized approach specifically for anterior eye segment imaging with spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) on several known murine lens cataract mutants. Scheimpflug and histological section images on the same eye were used in parallel to assess the observed pathologies. With SD-OCT images, we obtained detailed ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy: a review of current applications

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy: a review of current applications

      Background Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss in adults. Currently, the standard imaging technique to monitor and prognosticate DR and diabetic maculopathy is dye-based angiography. With the introduction of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), it may serve as a potential rapid, non-invasive imaging modality as an adjunct. Main text Recent studies on the role of OCTA in DR include the use of vascular parameters e.g., vessel density, intercapillary spacing, vessel diameter index, length of vessels based on skeletonised OCTA, the total length of vessels, vascular architecture and area of the foveal avascular zone. These quantitative ...

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    6. Optical coherence tomography allows 3D reconstruction of ablation lesions

      Optical coherence tomography allows 3D reconstruction of ablation lesions

      Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) is an effective interventional treatment for atrial fibrillation. However, the immediate effect of RFA on the tissue is not directly visualized. This is a key limitation as only acute electrical measurements are taken into account and the atrial wall structure or ablation lesion form are neglected. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that uses light to capture histology-like images with a moderate penetration depth of 1–3 mm in the cardiac tissue. It is well-established to characterize plaques in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, it might also be used for high-precision imaging of ...

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    7. Early detection of enamel demineralization by optical coherence tomography

      Early detection of enamel demineralization by optical coherence tomography

      Enamel is the outermost layer of the tooth that protects it from invasion. In general, an acidic environment accelerates tooth demineralization, leading to the formation of cavities. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is conventionally used as an in vitro tool for the observation of tooth morphology changes with acid attacks. Yet, SEM has intrinsic limitations for the potential application of in vivo detection in the early demineralization process. In this study, a high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) system with the axial and transverse resolutions of 2.0 and 2.7 μm in teeth has been utilized for characterizing the effect of ...

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    8. Deep spectral learning for label-free optical imaging oximetry with uncertainty quantification

      Deep spectral learning for label-free optical imaging oximetry with uncertainty quantification

      Measurement of blood oxygen saturation ( s O 2 ) by optical imaging oximetry provides invaluable insight into local tissue functions and metabolism. Despite different embodiments and modalities, all label-free optical-imaging oximetry techniques utilize the same principle of s O 2 -dependent spectral contrast from haemoglobin. Traditional approaches for quantifying s O 2 often rely on analytical models that are fitted by the spectral measurements. These approaches in practice suffer from uncertainties due to biological variability, tissue geometry, light scattering, systemic spectral bias, and variations in the experimental conditions. Here, we propose a new data-driven approach, termed deep spectral learning (DSL), to ...

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    9. AS-OCT Guided Treatment Of Diffuse Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Resection ...

      AS-OCT Guided Treatment Of Diffuse Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma With Resection ...

      Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of combined limited surgical resection, amniotic membrane graft and topical mitomycin C in treatment of diffuse conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) diagnosed and followed up by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Subjects and methods: A prospective study was performed on 24 eyes with diffuse CSCC. Fifteen eyes underwent lesion limited resection followed by postoperative topical mitomycin C 0.04% eye drop (MMC group) while nine eyes underwent complete excision and cryotherapy (no MMC group). Amniotic membrane graft was applied in all cases. The diagnosis was based on clinical and AS-OCT specific criteria of CSCC ...

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    10. The Eyes Behind Surgical Robots

      The Eyes Behind Surgical Robots

      By the turn of the century, Intuitive Surgical Inc.’s da Vinci surgical system, which was approved by the FDA in 2000, was used for general laparoscopic surgical procedures and even cardiovascular surgeries — a high watermark in the early years. The system is still in wide use today. Intuitive Surgical Inc.’s da Vinci is among the most well-known surgical robotic systems. Courtesy of Intuitive Surgical Inc. Fast forward two decades, and today’s surgical robots are more precise and user-friendly, and capable of highly delicate microsurgeries, thanks to advancements in optical technology that have allowed for safe and effective ...

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    11. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessed Retinal and Choroidal Microvasculature Features in Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa: A Meta-Analysis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessed Retinal and Choroidal Microvasculature Features in Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa: A Meta-Analysis

      Background . The aim of this study was to assess the retinal and choroidal microvasculature features using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods . This study was a meta-analysis of relevant published studies that were included after a comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. Mean difference (MD) with a 95% confidence interval was used to assess continuous variable outcomes. Heterogeneity was evaluated using the chi-squared test based on the values of and I 2 . Results . Seven studies were included in this meta-analysis. The vessel density values measured in the superficial ...

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    12. The vascular densities of the macula and optic disc in normal eyes from children by optical coherence tomography angiography

      The vascular densities of the macula and optic disc in normal eyes from children by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose This study aims to describe the variation and characteristics of vessel density (VD) of the macula and optic disc in the normal eyes of children. Methods This was a retrospective study where subjects aged 5–18 years with normal eyes were enrolled. The macula and optic disc were scanned by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The influences of age, gender, and axial length (AL) on VD were analyzed. Results A total of 71 normal eyes from 71 subjects were enrolled. For the macula, the mean VD of fovea, parafovea, and perifovea at superficial retina and deep retina were 20 ...

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  2. Organizations in the News

    1. (2 articles) Harvard University
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  4. OCT Companies in the News

    1. (1 articles) Topcon Medical Systems
  5. Picture Gallery

    Postdoctoral or Research Scientist Position in Biomedical Optics at Baylor College of Medicine Intravascular Polarimetry for Tissue Characterization of Coronary Atherosclerosis Optical Technology Stepping Forward ― Utility of Intracoronary Optical Coherence Tomography ― Human versus Machine: Comparing a Deep Learning Algorithm to Human Gradings for Detecting Glaucoma on Fundus Photographs Deep learning-based automated detection of retinal diseases using optical coherence tomography images Simultaneous morphological and flow imaging enabled by megahertz intravascular Doppler optical coherence tomography Robot prototype shows promise for microsurgery on eyes and aneurysms Optical coherence tomography through a rigid borescope applied to quantification of articular cartilage thickness in a porcine knee model Comparison of diagnostic performance in assessing the rewiring position into a jailed side branch between online 3D reconstruction systems version 1.1 and 1.2 derived from optical frequency domain imaging Thorlabs Extends MEMS-VCSEL Swept-Wavelength Laser Source Offering to Include 1060 nm Excess mucus viscosity and airway dehydration impact COPD airway clearance Optovue's 10-Part Video Series on Ophthalmic OCT Interpretation.
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. “Our group has spent quite a few years working on developing the underlying imaging technology...This grant will support our translational efforts and allow us to identify ophthalmic surgeries that will directly benefit from real-time guidance and to better understand how surgical maneuvers impact postoperative visual function.
      By Yuankai K. Tao
    2. An historic issue with OCT is that the depth resolution is typically several times better than the lateral resolution...If the layers of imaged tissues happen to be horizontal, then they're well defined in the scan. But to extend the full power of OCT for live imaging of tissues throughout the body, a method for overcoming the tradeoff between lateral resolution and depth of imaging was needed.
      By Joseph A. Izatt
    3. With advances in microscopy techniques such as ours, we hope to change the way we detect, visualize and monitor diseases that will lead to better diagnosis, treatments and outcomes.
      By Stephen A. Boppart
    4. We’ve done a lot of benchtop imaging with micro-OCT, but this is the first time we’ve been able to use it in people...It’s unprecedented to see this pathophysiology dynamically in living patients. It will allow us to begin to understand things we never even knew were there.
      By Guillermo J. Tearney
    5. I’m so proud of the team here at NinePoint,...Our group over the years has really pushed the limits of engineering innovation to help patients. This past year has been especially fruitful, with the clearance and market launch of a first-of-its-kind artificial intelligence technology, and now with the clearance of a pancreatico-biliary application for the Low-Profile Optical Probe. The ability to promote to this new anatomical space really strengthens the platform of the NvisionVLE Imaging System, and continues to build the opportunity for this technology to help patients.
      By Eman Namati
    6. Imaging is more accurate, helps guide decisions and facilitates tailored therapy, especially in younger heart attack patients who more frequently have plaque erosion or non-atherosclerotic coronary artery disease.
      By Giulio Guagliumi
    7. We are very pleased with the outcomes of this study, which are the culmination of hard work by 47 physicians across 18 collaborating hospitals...What is further encouraging is that this study was undertaken without key technological improvements that have since been launched commercially. We anticipate that future studies using the Real-time Targeting laser marking feature and our newly launched artificial intelligence software, Intelligent Real-time Image Segmentation, will improve upon these already very positive results. Working together with our commercial partner, Merit Medical, and many of the leading hospitals in the United States, we are ecstatic that this technology continues to have an important and beneficial impact for patients.
      By Eman Namati
    8. We can’t use functional OCT/OCTA in the brain to look at neurovascular coupling at the cellular level because the brain is surrounded by the skull, and fine resolution isn’t possible...But we can use functional OCT/OCTA to examine the interactions between individual photoreceptors and their blood vessels in the retina, which is much more accessible in the eye.
      By Xincheng Yao
    9. With the NSTIN plot, the temporal quadrant of the retinal nerve fiber layer is displayed in the center of the B-scan. This portion of the disc is crucial for everyday visual function, and identification of abnormal thinning in this region is essential for managing glaucoma.
      By Donald C. Hood
    10. Conavi is delighted to receive approval for the clinical use of the Novasight Hybrid System in Canada and are thankful to the many researchers, clinicians, patients, employees and other stakeholders that made this milestone possible.
      By Brian K. Courtney