1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Feasibility of peripheral OCT imaging using a novel integrated SLO ultra-widefield imaging swept-source OCT device

      Feasibility of peripheral OCT imaging using a novel integrated SLO ultra-widefield imaging swept-source OCT device

      Purpose: To describe the feasibility of peripheral OCT imaging in retinal diseases using a novel full-field device. Methods: A total of 134 consecutive eyes were referred and imaged on the Optos Silverstone swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) (Optos PLC; Dunfermline, UK). Scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) images and the associated SS-OCT images were obtained in the posterior pole, mid-periphery or far periphery based on the nature of the referral and on new areas of interest observed in the optomap images at the time of imaging. Results: A total of 134 eyes (96 patients) were enrolled in the study. One hundred and twenty-five eyes ...

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    2. The role of optical coherence tomography in the diagnosis of afferent visual pathway problems: A neuroophthalmic perspective (Book Chapter)

      The role of optical coherence tomography in the diagnosis of afferent visual pathway problems: A neuroophthalmic perspective (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive ocular imaging technique that has become a standard tool in neuroophthalmic practice. Specifically, OCT captures retinal manifestations of neuroaxonal injury caused by lesions along anterior and posterior regions of the afferent visual pathway, in patients presenting with vision loss. More recently, the advent of OCT angiography (OCTA) has enabled evaluation of the choroidal and retinal microvasculature, thus informing our understanding regarding vascular mechanisms associated with optic nerve and retinal injuries. Much of our longitudinal experience with OCT in the field of neuroophthalmology has been acquired from the study of optic neuritis (ON) caused ...

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    3. 'Y' split of the outer plexiform layer: an optical coherence tomography illusion!

      'Y' split of the outer plexiform layer: an optical coherence tomography illusion!

      We here in report an interesting optical coherence tomography (OCT) observation in two different eyes. First case represents a 26-year-old man, with a history of tobacco chewing for 8 years, presented with sudden onset of scotoma in his right eye for 1 week. The uncorrected visual acuity was 20/40 in right eye (OD) and 20/20 in left eye (OS), respectively. Anterior segment was essentially within normal limits. Right eye fundus examination revealed a dull foveal reflex with neurosensory detachment and subretinal fibrin features suggestive of central serous chorioretinopathy. OCT of OD passing through macula confirmed presence of a ...

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    4. Imaging Motion: A Comprehensive Review of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Imaging Motion: A Comprehensive Review of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a three-dimensional (3-D) optical imaging technology that provides noninvasive, micrometer resolution images of structural interiors within biological samples with an approximately 1 ~ 2 mm penetration depth. Over the last decades, advances in OCT have revolutionized biomedical imaging by demonstrating a potential of optical biopsy in preclinical and clinical settings. Recently, functional OCT imaging has shown a promise as angiography to visualize cell-perfused vasculatures in the tissue bed in vivo without requiring any exogenous contrast agents. This new technology termed OCT angiography (OCTA) possesses a unique imaging capability of delineating tissue morphology and blood or lymphatic ...

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    5. Physicians: The future of cardiac imaging is now

      Physicians: The future of cardiac imaging is now

      Use of dedicated imaging catheters as an adjunct to conventional angiography (x-ray imaging) can assist in the diagnosis and guide the treatment of narrowing coronary arteries during invasive procedures to treat angina. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a red light-based imaging technique that captures high-resolution images when the catheter is placed inside the patient’s heart arteries; the high-quality and granular data thus obtained allows physicians to assess anatomy and execute coronary interventions, such as stent placement, with unrivalled precision. Recent data have indicated that use of OCT can alter physician decision-making over conventional x-ray (angiographic) imaging alone in nearly ...

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    6. Perinatal risk factors associated with central retinal changes in former preterm children on optical coherence tomography angiography

      Perinatal risk factors associated with central retinal changes in former preterm children on optical coherence tomography angiography

      To analyze the relationships between the fixation location and the visual function of idiopathic macular hole (IMH) patients with macular integrity assessment (MAIA) examination preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. This was a retrospective case analysis. Forty-three eyes of 43 patients diagnosed with IMH were included in this study. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) assessments, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and MAIA examinations were performed before surgery and 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery. The relationships between MAIA parameters and visual acuity were assessed by correlation analysis. Grouping by fixation location with the foveola (2°) as the centre ...

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    7. Learning With Fewer Images via Image Clustering: Application to Intravascular OCT Image Segmentation

      Learning With Fewer Images via Image Clustering: Application to Intravascular OCT Image Segmentation

      Deep learning based methods are routinely used to segment various structures of interest in varied medical imaging modalities. Acquiring annotations for a large number of images requires a skilled analyst, and the process is both time consuming and challenging. Our approach to reduce effort is to reduce the number of images needing detailed annotation. For intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) image pullbacks, we tested 10% to 100% of training images derived from two schemes: equally-spaced image subsampling and deep-learning- based image clustering. The first strategy involves selecting images at equally spaced intervals from the volume, accounting for the high spatial ...

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    8. En face image-based classification of diabetic macular edema using swept source optical coherence tomography

      En face image-based classification of diabetic macular edema using swept source optical coherence tomography

      This retrospective study was performed to classify diabetic macular edema (DME) based on the localization and area of the fluid and to investigate the relationship of the classification with visual acuity (VA). The fluid was visualized using en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) images constructed using swept-source OCT. A total of 128 eyes with DME were included. The retina was segmented into: Segment 1, mainly comprising the inner nuclear layer and outer plexiform layer, including Henle's fiber layer; and Segment 2, mainly comprising the outer nuclear layer. DME was classified as: foveal cystoid space at Segment 1 and no ...

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    9. A Review of Robotic and OCT-Aided Systems for Vitreoretinal Surgery

      A Review of Robotic and OCT-Aided Systems for Vitreoretinal Surgery

      The introduction of the intraocular vitrectomy instrument by Machemer et al. has led to remarkable advancements in vitreoretinal surgery enabling the limitations of human physiologic capabilities to be reached. To overcome the barriers of perception, tremor, and dexterity, robotic technologies have been investigated with current advancements nearing the feasibility for clinical use. There are four categories of robotic systems that have emerged through the research: (1) handheld instruments with intrinsic robotic assistance, (2) hand-on-hand robotic systems, (3) teleoperated robotic systems, and (4) magnetic guidance robots. This review covers the improvements and the remaining needs for safe, cost-effective clinical deployment of ...

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    10. Evaluation of coronary plaques and atherosclerosis using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of coronary plaques and atherosclerosis using optical coherence tomography

      Introduction: Coronary angiography (CAG) is the standard modality for assessing coronary stenosis; however, it has limitations in assessing coronary plaque morphology. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution (10-20μm) light-based intravascular imaging technique that can identify more detailed coronary plaque morphology compared to other intravascular imaging modalities. OCT is remarkable for characterizing fibrous, fibrocalcific, and lipid-rich plaques. The capabilities of OCT are well suited for discriminating three types of unstable plaque morphologies underlying coronary thrombosis, such as plaque rupture, erosion, and calcified nodules. The high resolution of OCT makes it possible to identify important features of vulnerable plaques, such ...

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    11. Early coronary healing in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction: sirolimus-eluting stents vs. drug-coated balloons after bare-metal stents. The PEBSI-2 optical coherence tomography randomized study

      Early coronary healing in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction: sirolimus-eluting stents vs. drug-coated balloons after bare-metal stents. The PEBSI-2 optical coherence tomography randomized study

      Objectives: Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) have theoretical advantages over drug-eluting stents (DESs) to facilitate stent healing. We studied whether, in patients undergoing primary coronary interventions (pPCIs), a strategy of DCB after bare-metal stent improves early healing as determined by optical coherence tomography (OCT) compared with new-generation DES. Methods: pPCI patients were randomized (1:1) to treatment with new-generation sirolimus-eluting stents (DES group) or DCB-strategy. Vessel healing was assessed by OCT at 90 days. Results: Fifty-three patients were randomized (26 DES vs. 27 DCB). At 90 days, both strategies showed a low rate of uncovered struts (3.2 vs. 3.2%, P ...

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    12. A Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography study: Imaging artifacts and comparison of non-perfusion areas with fluorescein angiography in diabetic macular edema

      A Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography study: Imaging artifacts and comparison of non-perfusion areas with fluorescein angiography in diabetic macular edema

      Purpose Swept Source Optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) is a novel technique to visualize perfusion and vascular changes like ischemia in patients with diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this study was to compare non-perfusion areas on conventional fluorescein angiography (FA) with those on SS-OCTA using detailed manual annotation in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) and to evaluate possible artifacts caused by DME on SS-OCTA. Methods 27 eyes of 21 patients with DME were analyzed in this prospective, cross-sectional study; on all, standard ophthalmological examination, SS-OCTA and FA imaging were performed. Early-phase FA and SS-OCTA images were analyzed for capillary ...

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    13. Small dome-shaped pigment epithelium detachment in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy: an under-recognized sign of polypoidal lesions on optical coherence tomography?

      Small dome-shaped pigment epithelium detachment in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy: an under-recognized sign of polypoidal lesions on optical coherence tomography?

      Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept-source optical coherence tomographic angiography (SS-OCTA) to identify polypoidal lesions in serous or serosanguinous maculopathy. Materials and methods A retrospective review of patients presenting pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) with the diagnosis of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), all of which underwent SD-OCT, SS-OCTA, and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Typical features of polypoidal lesions on SD-OCT included sharply peaked PED, notched PED, and hyperreflective ring underneath PED. SS-OCTA feature was vascularized PEDs on cross-sectional images corresponding to cluster-like structures ...

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    14. Tear evaluation by anterior segment OCT in dry eye disease

      Tear evaluation by anterior segment OCT in dry eye disease

      Objective: Dry Eye Disease (DED) is a multifactorial disorder, centered by loss of tear homeostasis. The diagnosis represents a challenge in the absence of a gold standard, so different questionnaires and techniques are combined. Considering that a low lacrimal secretion and a high rate of evaporation can determine changes in the tear film, the question that arises is if there are differences between the tear film thickness and the tear meniscus values of patients with DED compared to healthy volunteers, and if so, if they can be proposed as an objective diagnosis technique using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Materials and ...

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    1. (2 articles) Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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  4. Picture Gallery

    Feasibility and Safety of the Novel Vivolight Frequency Domain Optical Coherence Tomography System: A Multicenter Study First-In-Human Intracoronary OCT-FLIm In Patients Undergoing PCI Postdoctoral Research Fellow position at Legacy Devers Eye Institute – Discoveries in Sight Multi-center clinical study using optical coherence tomography for evaluation of cervical lesions in-vivo Multi-scale GCN-assisted two-stage network for joint segmentation of retinal layers and discs in peripapillary OCT images Predicting plaque vulnerability change using intravascular ultrasound + optical coherence tomography image-based fluid–structure interaction models and machine learning methods with patient follow-up data: a feasibility study Demonstration of age-related blood-brain barrier disruption and cerebromicrovascular rarefaction in mice by longitudinal intravital two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography Using Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography to Detect and Treat Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancers 900 Specsavers stores install OCT Advantage of low NEP balanced receivers in swept source OCT OCT applications in optics R&D and manufacturing Coherence tomography with broad bandwidth extreme ultraviolet and soft X-ray radiation
  5. Recent Quotes

    1. “I am inspired by Dr. Sanford Greenberg’s vision to end blindness and humbled to be recognized along with Prof. Jim Fujimoto and Eric Swanson for the development of optical coherence tomography, a very sensitive imaging technology widely used to detect and diagnose eye diseases...At the Casey Eye Institute, we are continuing to work on ending all preventable blindness by advancing diagnostic technologies, broadening community outreach, and providing cutting edge treatments.
      By David Huang
    2. We will develop a novel method for the imaging and assessment of corneal elastic properties that could potentially be used for routine clinical diagnostics of different corneal diseases and treatment.
      By Kirill V. Larin
    3. The Board, founders, and team at SpectraWAVE have been an inspiring group to join. They are talented, experienced, and purpose-driven, which will be key as we move towards the launch of our new photonic imaging technology for coronary artery disease. Our flagship technology will define our clinical impact and growth, and we are working hard to bring that solution to the market to help as many patients as possible with coronary artery disease.
      By Eman Namati
    4. After planning a procedure with angiography alone, we exposed physicians to all the information provided by OCT on the same blockage and were able to demonstrate the significant impact that the information had on our decisions...OCT takes the guesswork out of angiography, offering doctors real-time high-quality granularity and precision when performing PCIs, and helping doctors make real-time decisions in the cath lab.
      By Hiram G. Bezerra
    5. Previous research has seen a thinning of the retina in Alzheimer's patients, but by adding a light-scattering technique to the measurement, we've found that the retinal nerve fiber layer is also rougher and more disordered...Our hope is that we can use this insight to create an easy and cheap screening device that wouldn't only be available at your doctor's office, but at places like your local pharmacy as well
      By Adam Wax
    6. Despite living in the 'digital age,' surgeons must routinely rely on their eyesight and sense of touch to determine if they have removed the entire tumor during breast-conserving surgery...Due to lack of adequate tools, 20 to 30 percent of patients must return for additional surgery, resulting in substantial physical and financial burdens and increased risk of complications.
      By Brendan F. Kennedy
    7. In ophthalmology we have a wealth of eye images—fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT), etc.—that are fundamental to the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of a number of eye diseases, so this field is ideally suited for deep learning applications.
      By Felipe A. Medeiros
    8. We are delighted to have received MHLW approval of the Novasight Hybrid system. Clinical data in the past several years has increasingly demonstrated that intravascular imaging with either IVUS or OCT has significant potential to improve outcomes in the large number of patients being treated with angioplasty and stenting for coronary artery disease. However, there are substantial differences between the images generated by these two technologies. Until now, physicians in Japan have had to choose between IVUS or OCT when performing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). We are delighted that Conavi and Japan Lifeline can now begin to offer both of these highly complementary imaging techniques on a single catheter to physicians in Japan.
      By Brian K. Courtney
    9. It is such a huge honor to be recognized with this prestigious industry award for best healthcare product in 2020, and we’d like to thank SPIE and Photonics Media for sponsoring this incredible opportunity...Our team is working hard to provide better options to millions of patients who suffer from middle ear infections. Following our recent 510(k) clearance from the FDA, we cannot wait to see how the TOMi Scope impacts the standard of care for this incredibly common disease.
      By Ryan L. Shelton
    10. We developed an algorithm that can be used to automatically analyze optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the retina to predict whether a patient is likely to respond to anti-VEGF treatments...This research represents a step toward precision medicine, in which such predictions help clinicians better select first-line therapies for patients based on specific disease conditions.
      By Sina Farsiu