1. Feature Of The Week

    The study of mosquitoes and analysis of their behavior are of crucial importance in the on-going efforts to control the alarming increase in mosquito-borne diseases. Furthermore, a non-destructive and real-time imaging technique to study the anatomical features of mosquito specimens can greatly aid the study of mosquitoes. In this study, we demonstrate the three-dimensional imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for structural analysis of Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes. The anatomical features of An. sinensis head, thorax, and abdominal regions, along with the morphology of internal structures, such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut, were studied using OCT imaging. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional OCT images, used in conjunction with histological images, proved useful for anatomical analysis of mosquito specimens. By presenting this work as an initial study, we demonstrate the applicability of OCT for future mosquito-related entomological research, and also in identifying changes in mosquito anatomical structure.

    For more information see recent Article. Courtesy Naresh Kumar Ravichandran from Kyungpook National University. To share this article click Here.
  2. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Multi-Modal Imaging Including Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

      Multi-Modal Imaging Including Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

      ACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: New imaging methods provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four patients (eight eyes) in acute, subacute, and late phases of the disease were analyzed with multi-modal imaging methods including optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), structural OCT, fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence. One patient was observed during the entire disease course. RESULTS: In acute and subacute phases of the disease, an early blockage in fluorescein angiography was found. OCTA showed perfusion defects in choriocapillaris and choroid slabs. During the course of disease, perfusion deficits observed in OCTA ...

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    2. Simultaneous OCT and B-FAF in Eyes With Alteration of the Foveal Contour

      Simultaneous OCT and B-FAF in Eyes With Alteration of the Foveal Contour

      Some alterations of the foveal contour do not meet the criteria established for the definition of lamellar macular hole on the basis of optical coherence tomography (OCT). However, these alterations may show an appearance, on blue fundus autofluorescence (B-FAF) imaging, reminiscent of lamellar macular hole. The aim of the study is to evaluate in detail these alterations recording simultaneously OCT and B-FAF.

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    3. Real-time optical coherence tomography coregistration with angiography in percutaneous coronary intervention–impact on physician decision-making: The OPTICO-integration study

      Real-time optical coherence tomography coregistration with angiography in percutaneous coronary intervention–impact on physician decision-making: The OPTICO-integration study

      Aims Intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging allows for high-resolution characterization of coronary lesions. Difficulties in matching cross-sectional OCT-images with angiographic lesion localization may limit optimal clinical utilization. We sought to prospectively assess the impact of a novel system of real-time OCT coregistration with angiography (ACR) on physician decision-making during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Methods and Results Strategy for PCI (stent - length, - diameter, - strategy, landing zone) and PCI-optimization (stent-malappostion, -underexpansion, edge-dissections, geographical mismatch) was prospectively assessed in 50 patients with 58 coronary lesions after (I) angiography, (II) OCT imaging, and (III) ACR. Preprocedural OCT imaging altered stent-length (58.9%), diameter ...

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    4. Evaluation of retinal nerve fibre layer, ganglion cell layer and choroidal thickness with optical coherence tomography in migraine patients: a case-control study

      Evaluation of retinal nerve fibre layer, ganglion cell layer and choroidal thickness with optical coherence tomography in migraine patients: a case-control study

      Background Evaluation of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL) and choroidal thickness (CT) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in chronic migraine patients, to compare with healthy controls. Material and Method Ninety-four eyes of 47 chronic migraine patients (Group 1) and 68 eyes of 34 healthy individuals (Group 2) were included in this prospective case-control study. The right and left eyes were separately evaluated. Mean peripapillary RNFL thicknesses, mean GCL measured from superior and inferior quadrants, and mean CT were measured at three different regions (central, 500 μm nasal and temporal region of the fovea). Results There was ...

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    5. 2nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography

      2nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography

      The Applied Optics Group of the University of Kent organised the 2 nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography (2CCOCT) with emphasis on broadband optical sources from the 6 th to the 8 th of September . 2CCOCT was an international conference with a total of 49 oral presentations and 10 poster presentations . Speakers came from all over the globe, covering countries like Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Romania, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Switzerland. The 49 oral presentations are divided into 13 student presentations, 15 invited speakers ...

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    6. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography to Better understand Glaucoma

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography to Better understand Glaucoma

      The term optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) comprises different OCT-based technologies which all allow noninvasive assessment of retinal perfusion, based on moving red blood cells. The main areas where OCTA is currently used are investigation of perfusion and vascular structure of the macular retina (e.g., in macular degenerations and diabetic macular diseases) and the disk and peripapillary retina (in glaucoma and other optic disk diseases). The current editorial provides a brief overview on the potential of OCTA and its use to measure perfusion in the peripapillary retina in glaucoma.

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    7. Clinical relevance of retinal structure in children with laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity versus controls – using optical coherence tomography

      Clinical relevance of retinal structure in children with laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity versus controls – using optical coherence tomography

      Purpose We aimed to assess the macular anatomy using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), in children born preterm who had laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to investigate the relationship between structural changes in macula and visual function. Methods Thirty-seven 3–8 years old children were included in the study in two groups: 20 children born preterm [(<34 weeks of gestation, birthweight (BW) <2000 g)] who had laser-treated ROP in the Neonatology Department, Municipal Clinical Emergency Hospital of Timisoara, Romania; and 17 controls (children born at term, without eye disease, matched for age and gender). Spectral domain optical coherence ...

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    8. University of Southern California Receives NIH Grant for Influence of Hair Bundle Properties on Cochlear Mechanics

      University of Southern California Receives NIH Grant for Influence of Hair Bundle Properties on Cochlear Mechanics

      University of Southern California Receives a 2017 NIH Grant for $37,696 Influence of Hair Bundle Properties on Cochlear Mechanics. The principal investigator is James Dewey. The program began in 2017 and ends in 2020. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Normal hearing depends on the delicate mechanotransduction apparatus of inner ear hair cells – the stereociliary hair bundle. Cochlear vibrations deflect the hair bundle, which converts mechanical stimulation to electrical signals via gating of mechanosensitive ion channels. Hair bundle transduction is critical for hearing, as it is required for afferent signaling by inner hair cells, and for activation ...

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    9. Stanford University Receives NIH Grant for Imaging Structure and Function

      Stanford University Receives NIH Grant for Imaging Structure and Function

      Stanford University Receives a 2017 NIH Grant for $139,730 for Imaging Structure and Function. The principal investigator is Thomas Clandinin. The program began in 2017 and ends in 2018. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Imaging technologies such as confocal microscopy, multiphoton microscopy and super- resolution imaging as well as optical coherence tomography have transformed the ability of scientists to observe structural and functional changes in the visual system, in vivo and ex vivo, in both health and disease. The overarching goal of the imaging core is to transform the ability of vision scientists to use these ...

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    10. Optical Coherence Tomography Evolution in a Case of X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis: 15 Years of Follow-Up

      Optical Coherence Tomography Evolution in a Case of X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis: 15 Years of Follow-Up

      Purpose: We present the evolution of X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) in a male patient using optical coherence tomography (OCT) with a long-term follow-up time of 15 years. Case Description: A 10-year-old male patient presented at the Medical Retina Department of our hospital complaining for blurred vision in both eyes. At the initial presentation in 2001, his best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 6/12 in both eyes on the Snellen chart. Based on clinical and OCT findings, the diagnosis of XLRS was made, and it was confirmed by genetic testing. No treatment was performed, but the patient was regularly examined ...

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    11. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images

      Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images

      Importance The repeatability and reproducibility of quantitative metrics from optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) must be assessed before these data can be confidently interpreted in clinical research and practice. Objective To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of OCTA-derived retinal vascular quantitative metrics. Design, Setting and Participants In this cross-sectional study, 21 healthy volunteers (42 eyes) and 22 patients with retinal disease (22 eyes), including 14 with age-related macular degeneration, 3 with epiretinal membrane, 2 with diabetic retinopathy, 2 with myopic macular degeneration, and 1 with retinal vein occlusion, were enrolled. Participants were recruited from September 1 through November 31, 2016 ...

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    12. Macular retinal and choroidal thickness in unilateral amblyopia using swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Macular retinal and choroidal thickness in unilateral amblyopia using swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Background To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods This study examined 31 patients with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia (6.9 ± 3.8 years, mean ± standard deviation), 15 patients with strabismic amblyopia without anisometropia (7.9 ± 4.2 years), and 24 age-matched controls (7.8 ± 3.3 years). Retinal and choroidal thickness was measured by 3D scans using SS-OCT. A 6-mm area around the fovea was automatically analyzed using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study map. The thickness from SS-OCT was corrected for magnification ...

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    13. Optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma: a mini-review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma: a mini-review

      The advent of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) provides a new opportunity to visualize the retinal vasculature in a non-invasive and dye-free manner which may help identify vascular abnormalities in glaucoma. While a reduction in retinal and optic nerve head vessel densities and blood flow indexes measured by OCT-A has been demonstrated in patients with glaucoma in many studies, it is unclear whether OCT-A provides additional information for the detection and monitoring of glaucoma compared with OCT measurements such as retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, neuroretinal rim width, and ganglion cell inner plexiform layer thickness. Longitudinal studies are needed to ...

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    14. Cilioretinal Artery Imaged with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Cilioretinal Artery Imaged with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      A 48-year-old woman presented with peripapillary chorioretinal atrophy and cilioretinal artery in the left eye without other findings (Fig 1A). Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) through full-thickness retinal segmentation (Fig 1B) showed intact retinal perfusion. The cilioretinal artery arose from the temporal margin of the optic nerve and coursed into the retina, resembling a hook.

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  6. Recent Quotes

    1. Optovue continues to lead innovation in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging with the first non-contact technique of measuring the epithelial layer of the cornea...Our epi-mapping software has been the subject of more than 200 publications, underscoring its importance and value in the care of patients with corneal and ocular surface conditions. With epi-mapping, physicians are able to quantify epithelial thickness in patients in a manner that is suitable for daily clinical practice.
      By Jay Wei
    2. Combining en-face OCT with movement detection within blood vessels, we get OCT-A, and with it a new imaging era.
      By Eric H. Souied
    3. Obtaining the Category III CPT code for OCT of the skin is an important step towards our goal of obtaining reimbursement and coverage, and we welcome the new codes that can be used by clinicians to record their clinical use of VivoSight OCT in their practice.
      By Jon Holmes
    4. We showed that you can take effectively any OCT system out there and, with minimal changes, boost its resolution to the point where it can detect anatomical features smaller than the size of a typical cell.
      By Adam de la Zerda
    5. This honor highlights the commitment Avinger has to bring the most advanced technology to market for physicians dedicated to treating PAD and their patients who are affected by this disease...Pantheris radically changes the treatment of vascular disease and the Edison Award represents a win for our entire Lumivascular portfolio.
      By John B. Simpson
    6. While we have been actively advancing our lesion assessment technology for the last two years, we are very pleased to see that the significant Series B investment will give MedLumics the means to complete our best-in-class product, conduct a series of international clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy, and market it to specialist centers. As the company advances and grows into new areas, we will now expand and develop the team internationally.
      By Eduardo Margallo Balbás
    7. It's the most rapidly adopted ophthalmic technology in history.
      By Joel S. Schuman
    8. Our OCT Angiography congresses is a major force in promoting the transition from FA to OCTA by educating the ophthalmologists .
      By Bruno Lumbroso
    9. The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber-optical communications...And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    10. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid