1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Vascular and Structural Alterations of the Choroid Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Enhanced-Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography in Eyes with Reticular Pseudodrusen and Soft Drusen

      Vascular and Structural Alterations of the Choroid Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Enhanced-Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography in Eyes with Reticular Pseudodrusen and Soft Drusen

      Background To assess the vascularity of choriocapillaris and structural choroidal differences in eyes with reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) and soft drusen. Methods 21 eyes with RPD (group 1), 17 eyes with soft drusen (group 2), and 19 eyes as a control group (group 3) were included in this study. Choriocapillaris vascular density and flow area were measured by optical coherence tomography angiography. Total choroidal area, luminal area, stromal area, and lumen/stroma ratios were measured on optical coherence tomography B-scans converted to binary images. Results Mean choriocapillaris vascular density was higher in group 3 than other groups (group 1 vs 3 ...

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    2. Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      This study aimed to theoretically identify the vascular nature of the deep capillary plexus (DCP) by examining patients presenting with both paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) and prominent middle limiting membrane (p-MLM) sign and p-MLM sign alone in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with retinal vein or artery occlusion from two tertiary medical centers was performed. Consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of all categories of retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) (branch or central and ischemic or non-ischemic) who had undergone SD-OCT imaging from January 2015 to ...

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    3. Evaluating Onychomycosis Outcomes 2 Months into an 11-month-long Efinaconazole Regimen: The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluating Onychomycosis Outcomes 2 Months into an 11-month-long Efinaconazole Regimen: The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Background. Onychomycosis affects 43 million people in the United States and Europe. Topical therapies can be effective but require lengthy and costly regimens without an established method for predicting the treatment outcome. Objective. We studied the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT), a noninvasive imaging device approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, in evaluating onychomycosis treatment outcomes. Methods. This investigator-initiated prospective clinical study recruited subjects from two urban medical centers. A total of 34 subjects with mild-to-moderate onychomycosis, confirmed using periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, were treated with topical efinaconazole for 48 weeks, at which time a final ...

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    4. Accuracy of Common Motion Estimators in Wave-Based Optical Coherence Elastography

      Accuracy of Common Motion Estimators in Wave-Based  Optical Coherence Elastography

      Abstract. Motion estimators are commonly used in shear wave optical coherence elastography to compute small displacements. This work focuses on comparing three motion estimators: Kasai, Loupas, and the vector method. Our results show that the vector method is superi or in low - SNR, low - amplitude situations for group velocity calculation and profile reconstruction . © 202 1 Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering.

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    5. Quantitative evaluation of the dynamic activity of HeLa cells in different viability states using dynamic full-field optical coherence microscopy

      Quantitative evaluation of the dynamic activity of HeLa cells in different viability states using dynamic full-field optical coherence microscopy

      Dynamic full-field optical coherence microscopy (DFFOCM) was used to characterize the intracellular dynamic activities and cytoskeleton of HeLa cells in different viability states. HeLa cell samples were continuously monitored for 24 hours and compared with histological examination to confirm the cell viability states. The averaged mean frequency and magnitude observed in healthy cells were 4.79±0.5 Hz and 2.44±1.06, respectively. In dead cells, the averaged mean frequency was shifted to 8.57±0.71 Hz, whereas the magnitude was significantly decreased to 0.53±0.25. This cell dynamic activity analysis using DFFOCM is expected ...

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    6. A New Method for Automating the Diagnostic Analysis of Human Fundus Images Obtained Using Optical Coherent Tomography Angiography

      A New Method for Automating the Diagnostic Analysis of Human Fundus Images Obtained Using Optical Coherent Tomography Angiography

      This article presents the results of the joint work of image analysis specialists and ophthalmologists on the problem of analyzing images obtained by optical coherence tomography (angiography). A descriptive algorithmic scheme for analyzing images obtained using optical coherence tomography angiography was constructed to automate detection of pathological changes in the morphometric characteristics of the fundus. The algorithmic scheme is based on the image processing, analysis, and recognition methods. A feature space has been developed that makes it possible to identify pathological changes in the structure of the vascular plexuses of the human retina. It was possible to achieve high-accuracy classification ...

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    7. Quantifying Retinal Microvascular Morphology in Schizophrenia Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Quantifying Retinal Microvascular Morphology in Schizophrenia Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Background: Retinovascular changes are reported on fundus imaging in schizophrenia (SZ). This is the first study to use swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) to comprehensively examine retinal microvascular changes in SZ. Methods: This study included 30 patients with SZ/schizoaffective disorder (8 early and 15 chronic) and 22 healthy controls (HCs). All assessments were performed at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Massachusetts Eye and Ear. All participants underwent swept-source OCT-A of right (oculus dextrus [OD]) and left (oculus sinister [OS]) eye, clinical, and cognitive assessments. Macular OCT-A images (6 × 6 mm) were collected with the DRI Topcon Triton ...

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    8. In vivo examination of healthy human skin after short-time treatment with moisturizers using confocal Raman spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography: Preliminary observations

      In vivo examination of healthy human skin after short-time treatment with moisturizers using confocal Raman spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography: Preliminary observations

      Skin is our barrier against environmental damage. Moisturizers are widely used to increase hydration and barrier integrity of the skin; however, there are contrasting observations on their in vivo effects in real-life settings. In cosmetic studies, corneometers and tewameters are traditionally used to assess skin hydration. In this study, two novel noninvasive diagnostic techniques, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and confocal Raman spectroscopy, were used to analyze stratum corneum and epidermal thickness (ET), water content, blood flow in function of depth, skin roughness, attenuation coefficient, natural moisturizing factor, ceramides and free fatty acids, cholesterol, urea, and lactates in 20 female subjects ...

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    9. Human Foveal Cone and Müller Cells Examined by Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography

      Human Foveal Cone and Müller Cells Examined by Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to image and investigate the foveal microstructure of human cone and Müller cells using adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography. Methods: Six healthy subjects underwent the prototype adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography imaging, which allowed an axial resolution of 3.4 µm and a transverse resolution of approximately 3 µm. The morphological features of the individual retinal cells observed in the foveola were qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated. Results: In the six healthy subjects, the image B-scans showed hyper-reflective dots that were densely packed in the outer nuclear layer. The mean number, diameter, and density of ...

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    10. Comment on Real-Time In Vivo Assessment of Retinal Reattachment in Humans Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Comment on Real-Time In Vivo Assessment of Retinal Reattachment in Humans Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      We read with interest the manuscript by Bansal and associates 1 regarding optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess retinal reattachment following successful pneumatic retinopexy (PnR). The authors propose that retinal reattachment occurs through 5 specific stages: approach of the neurosensory retina towards the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE, stage 1), improvement of outer retinal corrugations (stage 2), contact of the neurosensory retina to the RPE (stage 3), deturgescence of the photoreceptors (stage 4) and recovery of photoreceptor integrity (stage 5). An incomplete resolution of outer retinal corrugations before retinal reattachment may lead, according to the authors, to the formation of outer ...

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    11. Quantification of volumetric morphometry and optical property in the cortex of human cerebellum at micrometer resolution

      Quantification of volumetric morphometry and optical property in the cortex of human cerebellum at micrometer resolution

      The surface of the human cerebellar cortex is much more tightly folded than the cerebral cortex. Volumetric analysis of cerebellar morphometry in magnetic resonance imaging studies suffers from insufficient resolution, and therefore has had limited impact on disease assessment. Automatic serial polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (as-PSOCT) is an emerging technique that offers the advantages of microscopic resolution and volumetric reconstruction of large-scale samples. In this study, we reconstructed multiple cubic centimeters of ex vivo human cerebellum tissue using as-PSOCT. The morphometric and optical properties of the cerebellar cortex across five subjects were quantified. While the molecular and granular layers exhibited ...

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    12. Choriocapillaris Flow Deficits in Normal Chinese Imaged by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography

      Choriocapillaris Flow Deficits in Normal Chinese Imaged by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography

      Purpose To evaluate the ocular and systemic determinants of the choriocapillaris flow deficits percentage (CC FD%) in normal eyes. Design Observational cross-sectional study. Methods Healthy Chinese participants without ocular or systemic diseases underwent detailed ophthalmic evaluations, including swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) with 6 × 6 mm macular choriocapillaris images. The CC FD% was assessed in circular regions with diameters of 1.0 and 5.0 mm, rings with 1.0–2.5-mm and 2.5–5.0-mm diameters. Results The study included 830 individuals (mean age: 58.66±8.75 years). CC FD% (mean: 22.05%±1.13%) was ...

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    13. Identification of Sex and Age from Macular Optical Coherence Tomography and Feature Analysis Using Deep Learning

      Identification of Sex and Age from Macular Optical Coherence Tomography and Feature Analysis Using Deep Learning

      Purpose To develop deep learning models for identification of sex and age from macular optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to analyze the features for differentiation of sex and age. Design Algorithm development using database of macular OCT. Setting One eye center in Taiwan. Study Population 6147 sets of macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) images from the healthy eyes of 3134 persons. Main Outcome Measures Deep learning based algorithms were used to develop models for identification of sex and age, and 10-fold cross-validation was applied. Gradient-weighted class activation mapping (Grad-CAM) was used for feature analysis. Results The accuracy for sex prediction ...

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    14. Estimation of scleral mechanical properties from air-puff optical coherence tomography

      Estimation of scleral mechanical properties from air-puff optical coherence tomography

      We introduce a method to estimate the biomechanical properties of the porcine sclera in intact eye globes ex vivo , using optical coherence tomography that is coupled with an air-puff excitation source, and inverse optimization techniques based on finite element modeling. Air-puff induced tissue deformation was determined at seven different locations on the ocular globe, and the maximum apex deformation, the deformation velocity, and the arc-length during deformation were quantified. In the sclera, the experimental maximum deformation amplitude and the corresponding arc length were dependent on the location of air-puff excitation. The normalized temporal deformation profile of the sclera was distinct ...

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    1. (4 articles) Harvard University
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  4. Picture Gallery

    What explorations involve the fundamental workings of the inner ear?– Webinar October 6th, 2021 New Ultra-fast Digitizers gets a boost with peer-to-peer streaming Luneau Technology Group merges with Optovue Several Open Positions at the ZEISS Lab @ Medical University of Vienna Millimeter-scale chip–based supercontinuum generation for optical coherence tomography Refractive-index matching enhanced polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography quantification in human brain tissue Take OCT to the Next Level Post-Doctoral and Graduate Student Research Positions at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Two Postdoc Openings at the Physical Optics and Biophotonics Group at Institute of Physical Chemistry, Warsaw, Poland Microscopic optical coherence tomography (mOCT) at 600 kHz for 4D volumetric imaging and dynamic contrast Endomicroscopy of the human cochlea using a micro-optical coherence tomography catheter Toth Receives 26th Annual Gertrude D. Pyron Award
  5. Recent Quotes

    1. “I am inspired by Dr. Sanford Greenberg’s vision to end blindness and humbled to be recognized along with Prof. Jim Fujimoto and Eric Swanson for the development of optical coherence tomography, a very sensitive imaging technology widely used to detect and diagnose eye diseases...At the Casey Eye Institute, we are continuing to work on ending all preventable blindness by advancing diagnostic technologies, broadening community outreach, and providing cutting edge treatments.
      By David Huang
    2. We will develop a novel method for the imaging and assessment of corneal elastic properties that could potentially be used for routine clinical diagnostics of different corneal diseases and treatment.
      By Kirill V. Larin
    3. The Board, founders, and team at SpectraWAVE have been an inspiring group to join. They are talented, experienced, and purpose-driven, which will be key as we move towards the launch of our new photonic imaging technology for coronary artery disease. Our flagship technology will define our clinical impact and growth, and we are working hard to bring that solution to the market to help as many patients as possible with coronary artery disease.
      By Eman Namati
    4. After planning a procedure with angiography alone, we exposed physicians to all the information provided by OCT on the same blockage and were able to demonstrate the significant impact that the information had on our decisions...OCT takes the guesswork out of angiography, offering doctors real-time high-quality granularity and precision when performing PCIs, and helping doctors make real-time decisions in the cath lab.
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    5. Previous research has seen a thinning of the retina in Alzheimer's patients, but by adding a light-scattering technique to the measurement, we've found that the retinal nerve fiber layer is also rougher and more disordered...Our hope is that we can use this insight to create an easy and cheap screening device that wouldn't only be available at your doctor's office, but at places like your local pharmacy as well
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    6. Despite living in the 'digital age,' surgeons must routinely rely on their eyesight and sense of touch to determine if they have removed the entire tumor during breast-conserving surgery...Due to lack of adequate tools, 20 to 30 percent of patients must return for additional surgery, resulting in substantial physical and financial burdens and increased risk of complications.
      By Brendan F. Kennedy
    7. In ophthalmology we have a wealth of eye images—fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT), etc.—that are fundamental to the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of a number of eye diseases, so this field is ideally suited for deep learning applications.
      By Felipe A. Medeiros
    8. We are delighted to have received MHLW approval of the Novasight Hybrid system. Clinical data in the past several years has increasingly demonstrated that intravascular imaging with either IVUS or OCT has significant potential to improve outcomes in the large number of patients being treated with angioplasty and stenting for coronary artery disease. However, there are substantial differences between the images generated by these two technologies. Until now, physicians in Japan have had to choose between IVUS or OCT when performing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). We are delighted that Conavi and Japan Lifeline can now begin to offer both of these highly complementary imaging techniques on a single catheter to physicians in Japan.
      By Brian K. Courtney
    9. It is such a huge honor to be recognized with this prestigious industry award for best healthcare product in 2020, and we’d like to thank SPIE and Photonics Media for sponsoring this incredible opportunity...Our team is working hard to provide better options to millions of patients who suffer from middle ear infections. Following our recent 510(k) clearance from the FDA, we cannot wait to see how the TOMi Scope impacts the standard of care for this incredibly common disease.
      By Ryan L. Shelton
    10. We developed an algorithm that can be used to automatically analyze optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the retina to predict whether a patient is likely to respond to anti-VEGF treatments...This research represents a step toward precision medicine, in which such predictions help clinicians better select first-line therapies for patients based on specific disease conditions.
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