1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Early microvascular retinal changes in optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

      Early microvascular retinal changes in optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

      Purpose Diabetic retinopathy (DR) can lead to significant vision loss and blindness and has a particularly high prevalence in patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1). In this study, we investigate quantitative differences in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) data between DM1 patients with no or mild signs of retinopathy and non-diabetic subjects. Methods Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging was performed on DM1 patients with no or mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy and healthy, age-matched controls. Parafoveal vessel density and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in the deep capillary plexus (DCP) and superficial capillary plexus (SCP) were calculated with automated quantification ...

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    2. OCT imaging of retina useful in detecting glaucoma ‘masqueraders’

      OCT imaging of retina useful in detecting glaucoma ‘masqueraders’

      Optic nerve and macular optical coherence tomography can be helpful in distinguishing between glaucoma and glaucoma masqueraders, according to researchers. Researchers reported a case series of 4 patients and their spectral-domain OCT findings with retinal disease or nonglaucomatous optic neuropathy, who presented with suspected or previously diagnosed normal-tension glaucoma. The first patient was found to have marked diffuse retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular thinning on OCT due to cancer-associated retinopathy, researchers wrote. The 76-year-old woman was referred after cataract surgery failed to relieve her symptoms of progressive vision loss. The second patient showed deep focal inferotemporal RNFL loss ...

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    3. Retinal structure assessed by OCT as a biomarker of brain development in children born small for gestational age

      Retinal structure assessed by OCT as a biomarker of brain development in children born small for gestational age

      Purpose To identify differences in neuronal tissue from retinal and brain structures in children born small for gestational age (SGA) with no abnormality in neonatal brain ultrasonography and no previous neurological impairment, and to evaluate the relationship between retinal structure and brain changes in school-age children born SGA. Methods Two cohorts of children were recruited: 25 children born SGA and 25 children born with an appropriate birth weight according to gestational age. All the children underwent an ophthalmic examination, which included retinal imaging using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and a brain MRI. MRI images were automatically segmented and global and ...

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    4. Quality control and primo-diagnosis of transurethral bladder resections with full-field OCT

      Quality control and primo-diagnosis of transurethral bladder resections with full-field OCT

      Transurethral resections are commonly used for bladder cancer diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Cancer staging relies largely on the analysis of muscle in the resections; however, muscle presence is uncertain at the time of the resection. An extemporaneous quality control tool would be of great use to certify the presence of muscle in the resection, and potentially formulate a primo-diagnosis, in order to ensure optimum patient care. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) offers a fast and non-destructive method of obtaining images of biological tissues at ultrahigh resolution (1μm in all 3 directions), approaching traditional histological sections. This study aimed to ...

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    5. Multi-modal anatomical optical coherence tomography and CT for in vivo dynamic upper airway imaging

      Multi-modal anatomical optical coherence tomography and CT for in vivo dynamic upper airway imaging

      We describe a novel, multi-modal imaging protocol for validating quantitative dynamic airway imaging performed using anatomical Optical Coherence Tomography (aOCT). The aOCT system consists of a catheter-based aOCT probe that is deployed via a bronchoscope, while a programmable ventilator is used to control airway pressure. This setup is employed on the bed of a Siemens Biograph CT system capable of performing respiratory-gated acquisitions. In this arrangement the position of the aOCT catheter may be visualized with CT to aid in co-registration. Utilizing this setup we investigate multiple respiratory pressure parameters with aOCT, and respiratory-gated CT, on both ex vivo porcine ...

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    6. Imaging of the human choroid with a 1.7 MHz A-scan rate FDML swept source OCT system

      Imaging of the human choroid with a 1.7 MHz A-scan rate FDML swept source OCT system

      We demonstrate OCT angiography (OCTA) and Doppler OCT imaging of the choroid in the eyes of two healthy volunteers and in a geographic atrophy case. We show that visualization of specific choroidal layers requires selection of appropriate OCTA methods. We investigate how imaging speed, B-scan averaging and scanning density influence visualization of various choroidal vessels. We introduce spatial power spectrum analysis of OCT en face angiographic projections as a method of quantitative analysis of choroicapillaris morphology. We explore the possibility of Doppler OCT imaging to provide information about directionality of blood flow in choroidal vessels. To achieve these goals, we ...

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    7. Automated feature extraction for retinal vascular biometry in zebrafish using OCT angiography

      Automated feature extraction for retinal vascular biometry in zebrafish using OCT angiography

      Zebrafish have been identified as an ideal model for angiogenesis because of anatomical and functional similarities with other vertebrates. The scale and complexity of zebrafish assays are limited by the need to manually treat and serially screen animals, and recent technological advances have focused on automation and improving throughput. Here, we use optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCT-A) to perform noninvasive, in vivo imaging of retinal vasculature in zebrafish. OCT-A summed voxel projections were low pass filtered and skeletonized to create an en face vascular map prior to connectivity analysis. Vascular segmentation was referenced to the optic nerve ...

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    8. Assessing the dynamic biofilm removal of sulfonated phenolics using CP-OCT

      Assessing the dynamic biofilm removal of sulfonated phenolics using CP-OCT

      Examining the physical mechanisms related to biofilm removal of sulfonated phenolics (SP) is difficult using conventional microscopy techniques. A custom flow cell system integrated with a real time cross polarization optical coherence tomography system investigated the dynamic speed of biofilm removal when oral multi-species biofilms are exposed to SP under sheer stress. The Near infrared 1310-nm CP-OCT system non-destructively imaged fluid immersed oral biofilms at nearly 30 frames/s. This dynamic imaging was able to determine the cohesive and adhesion related disruption of SP on oral biofilms adhering to tooth like surfaces. For multi-species biofilms that are initially grown without ...

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    9. Optical coherence microscopy with extended focus for in vivo embryonic imaging

      Optical coherence microscopy with extended focus for in vivo embryonic imaging

      Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) has unique advantages of high-resolution volumetric imaging without relying on exogenous labels or dyes. It combines the coherence-gated depth discrimination of optical coherence tomography (OCT) with the high lateral resolution of confocal microscopy, offering an excellent balance between the resolutions and imaging depth. However, as the lateral resolution becomes higher, the imaging depth of OCM decreases and its three-dimensional imaging capability is greatly degraded. To overcome this limitation, we used amplitude apodization to create quasi-Bessel beam illumination in order to extend the depth of focus. The lateral and axial resolutions of our OCM system were measured ...

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    10. Semiautomated segmentation and analysis of retinal layers in three-dimensional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of patients with atrophic age-related macular degeneration

      Semiautomated segmentation and analysis of retinal layers in three-dimensional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of patients with atrophic age-related macular degeneration

      Historically, regular drusen and geographic atrophy (GA) have been recognized as the hallmarks of nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Recent imaging developments have revealed another distinct nonneovascular AMD phenotype, reticular pseudodrusen (RPD). We develop an approach to semiautomatically quantify retinal surfaces associated with various AMD lesions (i.e., regular drusen, RPD, and GA) in spectral domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. More specifically, a graph-based algorithm was used to segment multiple retinal layers in SD-OCT volumes. Varying surface feasibility constraints based on the presegmentation were applied on the double-surface graph search to refine the surface segmentation. The thicknesses of ...

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    11. 7th International Conference on Lasers in Medicine: Advanced Laser Technologies in the Hands of Medicine July 2017 Timisoara, Romania

      7th International Conference on Lasers in Medicine: Advanced Laser Technologies in the Hands of Medicine July 2017 Timisoara, Romania

      7th international conference on lasers in medicine in connection with international congress of lasers in dentistry. Advanced laser technologies in the hands of medicine. July 13015 Timisoara, Romania. For more information click here .

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    12. Omega Sign: A Distinct Optical Coherence Tomography Finding in Macular Combined Hamartoma of Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium

      Omega Sign: A Distinct Optical Coherence Tomography Finding in Macular Combined Hamartoma of Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report a distinct optical coherence tomography (OCT) appearance of macular combined hamartoma of retina and retinal pigment epithelium (CHRRPE). \ PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of four eyes of four patients with macular CHRRPE who were assessed with the help of color fundus photographs, swept-source OCT (SS-OCT), and fundus fluorescein angiography wherever required. RESULTS: All four patients presented with decreased visual acuity. SS-OCT in all patients showed adherent epiretinal membrane (ERM) and localized thickening of underlying retina. An omega-shaped disorganization of inner retinal layers was seen bounded posteriorly by the outer plexiform layer ...

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    13. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Paracentral Acute Middle Maculopathy Associated With Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Paracentral Acute Middle Maculopathy Associated With Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome

      The authors present the first case of paracentral acute middle maculopathy as a manifestation of primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) with multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The association between APS and ophthalmic sequela is well-known. Recent advances in multimodal imaging, specifically OCTA, allow for better characterization of the mechanism and extent by which retinal arterial thrombosis can cause vision loss. Using advanced imaging modalities, the authors provide a comprehensive assessment of retinal ischemia, which showed not only localized capillary occlusion, but also ischemia of the deep retinal capillary plexus.

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    14. Four-dimensional Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography to Visualize Suture Depth in Strabismus Surgery

      Four-dimensional Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography to Visualize Suture Depth in Strabismus Surgery

      The authors report the use of swept-source microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (SS-MIOCT), capable of live four-dimensional (three-dimensional across time) intraoperative imaging, to directly visualize suture depth during lateral rectus resection. Key surgical steps visualized in this report included needle depth during partial and full-thickness muscle passes along with scleral passes.

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    15. Detection of Minimally Visible Recurrent Retinoblastoma by Hand-held Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of Minimally Visible Recurrent Retinoblastoma by Hand-held Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      A 2-month-old male infant with bilateral familial retinoblastoma was treated with intravenous chemotherapy and focal adjuvant therapy. At 5 months of follow-up, fundus examination and ultrasonography disclosed no recurrence; however, hand-held spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) demonstrated subclinical recurrence within a previous regression scar. Subsequent treatment led to flat scar. Hand-held SD-OCT can be a useful tool for detection of subclinical recurrent retinoblastoma.

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    Computational optical coherence tomography History of Intraoperative OCT Detailed Vascular Anatomy of the Human Retina by Projection-Resolved Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Analysis of Craniocardiac Malformations in Xenopus using Optical Coherence Tomography : Scientific Reports Visualizing dynamics of angiogenic sprouting from a three-dimensional microvasculature model using stage-top optical coherence tomography Flexible, high-resolution micro-optical coherence tomography endobronchial probe toward in vivo imaging of cilia Dermoscopy guided dark-field multi-functional optical coherence tomography Measurement of dynamic cell-induced 3D displacement fields in vitro for traction force optical coherence microscopy Endoscopic optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular features associated with dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus: a pilot study (with video) Senior Systems Engineer in Swept Source Engines at Axsun Technologies Optical coherence elastography – OCT at work in tissue biomechanics Optical coherence tomography based angiography
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. It's the most rapidly adopted ophthalmic technology in history.
      By Joel S. Schuman
    2. Our OCT Angiography congresses is a major force in promoting the transition from FA to OCTA by educating the ophthalmologists .
      By Bruno Lumbroso
    3. The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber-optical communications...And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    4. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid
    5. Our study demonstrates world-record results in cubic meter volume imaging, with at least an order of magnitude larger depth range and volume compared to previous demonstrations of three-dimensional OCT...These results provide a proof-of-principle demonstration for using OCT in this new regime...Long-range OCT is a new range of operation that requires extremely high performance light sources, integrated optical receivers and signal processing.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    6. Research by our group at MIT and our collaborators at Praevium Research and Thorlabs indicated that the coherence length of the VCSEL source was orders of magnitude longer than other swept laser technologies suitable for OCT, which suggested the possibility of long-range OCT imaging.
      By Benjamin M. Potsaid
    7. "The development of OCT in the early 1990s greatly benefited from components and methods used in fiber optical communications,. And still, 25 years later, advances in the optical communications industry continue to greatly benefit OCT.
      By James G. Fujimoto
    8. OCT has revolutionized the treatment of eye disease on a global basis and it is now routinely used to make clinical decisions in treating patients with blinding eye diseases...I’ve been honored to be part of the team that created this technology and to know our creation has improved diagnosis and treatment for millions of eye patients around the world.
      By Carmen A. Puliafito
    9. We believe strongly that our MRO™ sub-dermal fingerprint technology can play a key role in addressing the presentation attack problem by providing an effective deployable solution.
      By Don Bogue
    10. Today, interdisciplinary research in biomedical optics is the standard. “And that was less common 25 years ago. A lot of innovation happens at the boundaries of disciplines. OCT is such a rich combination of disciplines—in optics, mechanical systems, electronics, software, medical devices, clinical medicine. That’s one of the reasons there’s been so much innovation in OCT, and that there’s so much more to come.
      By Eric A. Swanson