1. Recent Articles From Around The Web

    1. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography-Practical applications in dermatology and comparison with established imaging methods

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography-Practical applications in dermatology and comparison with established imaging methods

      Background Non‐invasive diagnostic techniques in dermatology gained increasing popularity in the last decade. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are meanwhile established in research and clinical routine. While OCT is mainly indicated for detecting non‐melanoma skin cancer, RCM has proven its usefulness additionally in distinguishing melanocytic lesions. Line‐field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC‐OCT) is an emerging tool combining the principles of both above‐mentioned methods. Methods Healthy skin at different body sites and exemplary skin lesions (basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, actinic keratosis) were examined using dermoscopy, RCM, OCT and LC‐OCT. Standard ...

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      Mentions: Julia Welzel
    2. Optical coherence tomography detection of changes in inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa

      Optical coherence tomography detection of changes in inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa

      Purpose: To evaluate the inner retinal and choroidal thicknesses in patients with early retinitis pigmentosa. Methods: We analyzed spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of 35 retinitis pigmentosa patients and 40 healthy individuals. We measured macular and ganglion cell complex thicknesses. We took choroidal thickness measurements in the subfoveal region and 500, 1,000, and 1,500 mm from the foveal center. Results: Patients with retinitis pigmentosa had significantly thinner macular thicknesses and choroidal thicknesses in all measurements, and their individual ganglion cell complex thickness measurements were lower than those in healthy individuals. The mean ganglion cell complex thickness was significantly ...

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    3. Characterization of microvascular tortuosity in retinal vein occlusion utilizing optical coherence tomography angiography

      Characterization of microvascular tortuosity in retinal vein occlusion utilizing optical coherence tomography angiography

      We investigated the characteristics of microvessel tortuosity in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and their associations with visual outcomes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Thirty-four BRVO and 21 CRVO patients and 31 healthy subjects were included. From OCTA, the branch number (BN), mean branch length (BL), mean Euclidean length (EL), vessel density (VD) and vessel tortuosity (VT) were quantified. In BRVO eyes, compared with that in the controls, the affected area of the deep capillary plexus (DCP) showed a decreased BN and VD, an increased BL, and unchanged VT. The nonaffected area of ...

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    4. Evaluation of retinochoroidal tissues in third trimester pregnants: An optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Evaluation of retinochoroidal tissues in third trimester pregnants: An optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Introduction: The structural and vascular changes in the retina and choroid in women in the third trimester of pregnancy were analyzed using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Forty women in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy and 40 age-matched healthy women were included. Vascular density (VD) in the superficial and deep capillary plexuses (SCP/DCP), foveal density (FD), and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area and perimetry measured with OCTA, as well as OCT measurements of central macular thickness (CMT) and choroidal thickness (CT) were compared between the groups. Correlations between structural OCT parameters and vascular OCTA metrics were analyzed ...

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    5. Evaluation of retinal and choroidal variations in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Evaluation of retinal and choroidal variations in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Background To investigate the difference in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, choroidal thickness (CT) and superficial retinal vessels between thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) patients and healthy controls. To identify the potential influencing factors for these parameters and evaluate their diagnostic abilities in TAO. Methods Twenty active TAO patients, 33 inactive TAO patients and 29 healthy participants were enrolled. TAO patients were divided according to the clinical activity score (CAS). RNFL thickness and CT were measured by HD-OCT, while foveal avascular zone (FAZ), vascular density and perfusion density were measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). SPSS software was used for ...

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    6. DIABETIC MACULAR ISCHEMIA: Correlation of Retinal Vasculature Changes by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Functional Deficit

      DIABETIC MACULAR ISCHEMIA: Correlation of Retinal Vasculature Changes by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Functional Deficit

      Purpose: To examine the relationship between macular microvasculature parameters and functional changes in persons with diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: Cross-sectional study of 76 eyes with varying levels of DR. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) quantified superficial and deep perifoveal vessel densities and foveal avascular zone areas. Retinal sensitivity was measured using microperimetry . Optical coherence tomography angiography parameters and retinal sensitivity were correlated. Results: Deep perifoveal vessel density decreased with increasing severity of DR (adjusted mean 51.93 vs. 49.89 vs. 47.96, P -trend = 0.005). Superficial and deep foveal avascular zone area increased with increasing DR severity (adjusted ...

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    7. OCT Risk Factors for 3-Year Development of Macular Complications in eyes with “Resolved” Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      OCT Risk Factors for 3-Year Development of Macular Complications in eyes with “Resolved” Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      Purpose To assess the relationship of demographics, clinical characteristics and structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings to development of sight-threatening macular complications (choroidal neovascularization [CNV], large areas of retinal pigment epithelium [RPE] atrophy and cystoid macular degeneration [CMD]) in a cohort of eyes with “resolved” chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) at inclusion (study baseline). Design Retrospective cohort study. Methods In this study, a total of 71 participants (71 eyes) with “resolved” (absence of subretinal fluid) chronic CSC at baseline and 3 years (36 months) of regular follow-ups were retrospectively enrolled. Structural OCT scans were reviewed. Baseline OCT qualitative features reflecting ...

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    8. Manipulation of the Endocochlear Potential Reveals Two Distinct Types of Cochlear Nonlinearity

      Manipulation of the Endocochlear Potential Reveals Two Distinct Types of Cochlear Nonlinearity

      The mammalian hearing organ, the cochlea, contains an active amplifier to boost the vibrational response to low level sounds. Hallmarks of this active process are sharp location-dependent frequency tuning and compressive nonlinearity over a wide stimulus range. The amplifier relies on outer hair cell (OHC) generated forces driven in part by the endocochlear potential (EP), the ̴ +80 mV potential maintained in scala media, generated by the stria vascularis. We transiently eliminated the EP in vivo by an intravenous injection of furosemide and measured the vibrations of different layers in the cochlea’s organ of Corti using optical coherence tomography. Distortion ...

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    9. Retinal Vascular Features in Ocular Blunt Trauma by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Retinal Vascular Features in Ocular Blunt Trauma by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      In this prospective study, we analysed the changes in retinal vessel density (VD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with commotio retinae up to 6 months after blunt ocular trauma. We analysed the VD in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) and the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area at 48 h, and 1, 3 and 6 months after the trauma and compared results with those of healthy fellow eyes. We also evaluated the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the structural, spectral domain (SD)-OCT parameters: ganglion cell complex (GCC) and retinal ...

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    10. Non-invasive imaging of a choroidal macrovessel

      Non-invasive imaging of a choroidal macrovessel

      Purpose To describe novel anatomic findings of an apparent choroidal macrovessel, originally misdiagnosed as a choroidal tumor, using non-invasive imaging tools. Observations Initial ophthalmic examination revealed an elevated hypopigmented choroidal mass in the macular area, with a serpentine track extending temporally to the equator. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) revealed an optically hollow lesion just outside the choroid-scleral junction (CSJ), indenting the retina and compressing the choroid from the scleral side. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) at the choroidal level showed relative low flow within the lesion. En face OCT at the level of the choroid demonstrated similar ...

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    11. Correlation between optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinogram findings and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema

      Correlation between optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinogram findings and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema

      Abstract: AIM : To analyze the correlation between macular morphology and function in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS : Fifty-five eyes with different visual acuity (VA) of 32 patients who suffered from DME were analyzed using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The parameters of mfERG including implicit times and response amplitude were compared to those of 50 normal eyes of 36 age-matched subjects. Correlation analysis was performed between VA, the parameters of mfERG including implicit times and response amplitude, and the central macular thickness (CMT). RESULTS : The amplitude of N1 and P1 were significantly decreased and their ...

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    12. Digital Wavefront Sensing

      Digital Wavefront Sensing

      H-OCT will be tested in this study for its suitability for the qualitative investigation of aberrometry. We aim to achieve a digital equivalent for wavefront calculation of the widespread analog procedure commonly used with conventional wavefront-aberrometers. The results will be compared with those from a conventional analog wavefront calculation method. In the course of this pilot study, 20 eyes of phakic and 10 eyes of pseudophakic subjects with suspected higher order aberrations will be examined using H-OCT

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    13. Ciliary body length revisited by anterior segment optical coherence tomography: implications for safe access to the pars plana for intravitreal injections

      Ciliary body length revisited by anterior segment optical coherence tomography: implications for safe access to the pars plana for intravitreal injections

      Purpose To investigate the dependence of the ciliary body length (CBL) on the axial length (AL) and to draw conclusions on implications regarding safe pars plana access for intravitreal injections and vitreoretinal surgery. Methods A total of 200 individuals (mean age 42 years, SD ± 15.4) were enrolled in the study. Objective refraction and AL were obtained. Spherical equivalent (SE) was calculated. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) was used to image and measure the CBL. Results The mean SE was − 1.64 diopters (SD ± 3.15, range − 14.5 to + 9 diopters) and the mean AL was 24.19 ...

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    14. Evaluation of retinal vascular structure after epiretinal membrane surgery by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Evaluation of retinal vascular structure after epiretinal membrane surgery by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To evaluate the retinal vascular structure before and after the epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods Twenty-two eyes with ERM (study eyes) had been evaluated by OCTA for superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) vessel density (VD) at foveal and parafoveal regions and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) before and after ERM removal surgery. Twenty-two fellow eyes were selected as control group. Results Preoperative VD of SCP and DCP were significantly lower in ERM eyes than in controls in both foveal and parafoveal areas ( p  < 0.05, for all). The difference regressed ...

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    Feasibility of combined optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging for visualization of needle biopsy placement Reviewing imaging modalities for the assessment of plaque erosion Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography for imaging microvascular information within living tissue without polarization-induced artifacts In Vivo Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography of the Healthy Human Oral Mucosa: Qualitative and Quantitative Image Analysis New technology could improve LASIK surgery, eye disease detection Nondestructive evaluation of fused filament fabrication 3D printed structures using optical coherence tomography Multi-channel swept source optical coherence tomography concept based on photonic integrated circuits Combined FFR and OCT Imaging Can Improve Accuracy of High-Risk Lesion Identification in Patients with Diabete Postdoc Position at the University of Southern California An Intraoral OCT Probe to Enhanced Detection of Approximal Carious Lesions and Assessment of Restorations SpectraWAVE Appoints Eman Namati, Ph.D., as Chief Executive Officer to Lead Development and Launch of Flagship Technology Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography-Practical applications in dermatology and comparison with established imaging methods
  6. Recent Quotes

    1. We will develop a novel method for the imaging and assessment of corneal elastic properties that could potentially be used for routine clinical diagnostics of different corneal diseases and treatment.
      By Kirill V. Larin
    2. The Board, founders, and team at SpectraWAVE have been an inspiring group to join. They are talented, experienced, and purpose-driven, which will be key as we move towards the launch of our new photonic imaging technology for coronary artery disease. Our flagship technology will define our clinical impact and growth, and we are working hard to bring that solution to the market to help as many patients as possible with coronary artery disease.
      By Eman Namati
    3. After planning a procedure with angiography alone, we exposed physicians to all the information provided by OCT on the same blockage and were able to demonstrate the significant impact that the information had on our decisions...OCT takes the guesswork out of angiography, offering doctors real-time high-quality granularity and precision when performing PCIs, and helping doctors make real-time decisions in the cath lab.
      By Hiram G. Bezerra
    4. Previous research has seen a thinning of the retina in Alzheimer's patients, but by adding a light-scattering technique to the measurement, we've found that the retinal nerve fiber layer is also rougher and more disordered...Our hope is that we can use this insight to create an easy and cheap screening device that wouldn't only be available at your doctor's office, but at places like your local pharmacy as well
      By Adam Wax
    5. Despite living in the 'digital age,' surgeons must routinely rely on their eyesight and sense of touch to determine if they have removed the entire tumor during breast-conserving surgery...Due to lack of adequate tools, 20 to 30 percent of patients must return for additional surgery, resulting in substantial physical and financial burdens and increased risk of complications.
      By Brendan F. Kennedy
    6. In ophthalmology we have a wealth of eye images—fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography (OCT), etc.—that are fundamental to the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of a number of eye diseases, so this field is ideally suited for deep learning applications.
      By Felipe A. Medeiros
    7. We are delighted to have received MHLW approval of the Novasight Hybrid system. Clinical data in the past several years has increasingly demonstrated that intravascular imaging with either IVUS or OCT has significant potential to improve outcomes in the large number of patients being treated with angioplasty and stenting for coronary artery disease. However, there are substantial differences between the images generated by these two technologies. Until now, physicians in Japan have had to choose between IVUS or OCT when performing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). We are delighted that Conavi and Japan Lifeline can now begin to offer both of these highly complementary imaging techniques on a single catheter to physicians in Japan.
      By Brian K. Courtney
    8. It is such a huge honor to be recognized with this prestigious industry award for best healthcare product in 2020, and we’d like to thank SPIE and Photonics Media for sponsoring this incredible opportunity...Our team is working hard to provide better options to millions of patients who suffer from middle ear infections. Following our recent 510(k) clearance from the FDA, we cannot wait to see how the TOMi Scope impacts the standard of care for this incredibly common disease.
      By Ryan L. Shelton
    9. We developed an algorithm that can be used to automatically analyze optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the retina to predict whether a patient is likely to respond to anti-VEGF treatments...This research represents a step toward precision medicine, in which such predictions help clinicians better select first-line therapies for patients based on specific disease conditions.
      By Sina Farsiu
    10. This milestone marks the first step towards establishing physician and patient reimbursement for our home OCT pipeline technology...We applaud the AMA’s CPT Editorial panel for establishing codes for billing remote diagnostic services and patient home monitoring services. We believe that a home-based OCT will be the future of monitoring patients with wet AMD, one that allows doctors to individualize their patients’ treatment.
      By Kester Nahen